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Phalaenopsis is rich in a variety of varieties, and each species has its own characteristics and its own color.
Consequently, each variety has its own nuances of care and conditions of detention. This article discusses in detail the main varieties of phalaenopsis orchids.
Recommendations for caring for hybrid varieties of phalaenopsis at home are also given.
Determination of varietal affiliation
There are several parameters for determining the phalaenopsis variety. In size, they can be mini-phalaenopsis, the size of which is up to 30 cm, and there are high ones, they grow up to a meter. The number of flowers on the peduncle differs in many varieties of phalaenopsis. The main parameter for determining the variety is the color of the petals.
By the color of the petals there are:
All the most popular types: names, descriptions and photos
Phalaenopsis has over 75 different varieties. Let's consider the most popular ones.
Differs in a short stem with 3-5 leaves 25-45 cm long. Peduncle pendant with a length of up to 1 meter. About 20 white flowers with a diameter of up to 10 cm, blooming alternately and with different lip colors.
The orchid species is rare, and is now under threat of extinction.
This orchid is considered a large plant. The size of the leaves reaches up to half a meter. The stem is short with 3-5 leaves. In nature, up to 170 flowers can bloom on a peduncle with a length of up to 1 meter; at home, such results cannot be achieved. The length of the flowers is about 8 cm. There is a kind of anchor on the lip, with the lateral parts curved upwards.
The variety is distinguished by an unusual color of leaves, the underside is red-purple, and the upper part has a marble pattern.
This variety is not picky in care and blooms easily. Short stem with 3-5 leaves, about 25 cm in size and decorative marble colors. The length of the peduncle reaches 70 cm, it can contain up to 100 flowers, which are white in color and 6 cm in diameter. The triple lip is orange-white.
This species is expensive and rare, therefore it is under the protection of the state. Like most phalaenopsis, it has a short stem, but the number of leaves varies from 1 to 6 with a length of about 25-40 cm. Peduncles, like leaves, can be from 1 to 6 and up to 0.8 meters in size.
On average, one peduncle has 15 to 50 flowers, and their diameter ranges from 5 to 8 cm. The petals range from white-pink to purple-pink in color. The lip is also of various colors: yellow, white or light brown.
This type of orchid is considered miniature. Short stem with reddish leaves underneath and up to 15 cm long. The length of the flower cluster is about 20 cm. Small flowers have a pinkish tint.
This orchid is well adapted to indoor conditions. Differs in life expectancy, on average about 7 years, is perennial. The size of the leaves varies from variety, and may have spots, which causes concern for novice growers about disease, but this is a feature of this species. Usually grows from 1 to 3 peduncles. Wide range of colors: from white to dark purple.
Well adapted to living conditions. Philadelphia has a short stem that is almost invisible due to the leaves... On average, from 3 to 6 leaves with a marble color, which can disappear or become almost invisible with age. Peduncle length up to 0.6 m with flowers of violet-pink color with a diameter of 7 cm.
The leaves of this orchid are large and reach up to 20 cm in length. It has a small peduncle for orchids, its size reaches 45 cm. It is perennial and the life expectancy is up to 20 years. The flowers are light pink with lilac edging around the edges.
By the name, one can already say about the main difference - the huge size. It has huge leaves up to 1 m long. The peduncle reaches a length of 40 cm, and has about 30 flowers with a diameter of 6-7 cm. The color of the petals ranges from milky cream to yellow-green. Breeders use this orchid to breed new hybrids.
It has up to 6 leaves of light green color. The size of the peduncle depends on the age of the plant. and can be from 10 to 40 cm. No more than 15 flowers with a diameter of about 5 cm golden red.
This species is referred to as miniature. The maximum peduncle height is 30 cm with 15 white or pink flowers. The leaves inside out have a reddish tint and grow up to 15 cm in length.
It is also considered a miniature variety of Phalaenopsis. The leaves are 12 cm wide and 10 to 20 cm long, which makes them almost equal in size. The length of the peduncle is the same as that of the leaves; 5-7 buds are formed on it. The petals are smaller in size than sepals with an interesting color: purple-pink, purple or chestnut stripes are on the white background, and the small lip has a bright amethyst center. Adult plants are distinguished by the fact that their flowering lasts all year round.
A distinctive feature is the same length and color of leaves with peduncles - about 30 cm. 3-4 flowers per peduncle, and if the peduncle is healthy, it can bloom again. Has a pleasant aroma.
It usually has 3-5 elliptical leaves and up to 25 cm long. The peduncle reaches a length of up to 25 cm and grows curved. A new peduncle grows annually, and the old ones lengthen and can branch out. Each peduncle has several flowers that bloom in turn. Every year there are more flowers and flowering becomes even brighter and more beautiful.
These are the main varieties of phalaenopsis, but not all. This orchid has a wide variety of varieties that are both natural and breeders and are hybrids. To date, more than 5,000 hybrids of this orchid have been registered.
Hybrid varieties are classified into several types:
- Standard. These are some of the first hybrids. Their peculiarity is high peduncles with large pink or white flowers.
- Mini. Their peculiarity is a small flowering arrow and small flowers of a classic form.
- Taiwanese. They have clean petals with bright colors or spotted patterns.
- Novelty. They do not have dying stalks. The petals are covered with a leopard or tiger pattern.
- Peloriki. This orchid has an unusual appearance, its sepals and petals take the shape of a flower lip.
- Primary and intergeneric.
Each variety has its own characteristics of care, but all phalaenopsis have general care requirements:
- Watering. It is necessary to monitor the moderate moisture content of the soil so as not to dry out the plant, or vice versa, so that it does not start to rot.
- Lighting. Lighting should be sufficient, but abundant direct sunlight should be avoided on the plant so that it does not burn out.
- Temperature conditions. Phalaenopsis feels comfortable at a temperature of 20-25 degrees. For an orchid to bloom, it is necessary to make temperature drops of 3-5 degrees, but not more, so that fungal infections do not develop from a cold snap.
If suddenly it was not possible to personally establish the orchid variety, then it is better to contact professional flower growers. After all, the correct definition of the type of phalaenopsis will allow you to find out the nuances of caring for it. And the orchid for the care shown will delight you with its colorful flowering.