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The balsam flower (Vanka wet) is loved by many housewives because of its beauty and unpretentiousness. But nevertheless, the plant is sometimes exposed to diseases and attack by parasites.
The main reasons are carelessness and improper care. How can you avoid this? How to care for a plant? And what preventive measures would be appropriate? Read on.
Also from this article you will learn how dangerous and how to deal with diseases such as gray rot, bacteriosis, powdery mildew and other diseases that affect balsam and even lead to its death.
Danger of disease
Balsam is a non-capricious plant and is not very susceptible to disease. But there are several diseases that lead to the death of a flower:
- mosaic disease;
- powdery mildew;
- gray rot;
- decay of roots.
Most of these diseases (except mosaic) are treatable in the early stages. But if you miss the time, the balsam will die.
Common ailments, their treatment and photos
This is a fungal disease. It is characterized by the appearance of brown spots on the stems and leaves. If you do not take action in time, the flower will die.
- watering with cold water;
- low air temperature;
- soil contamination with spores of pathogenic fungi.
- Affected plant parts are cut with a sterile instrument to healthy tissue.
- The healthy part is sprayed with Fundazole from a spray bottle. Fundazol is a broad-spectrum systemic fungicide. Solution preparation: dilute 1 g of powder with 1 liter of water, stir until completely dissolved. Spraying is carried out carefully, all aerial parts of the plant must be treated.
- The indoor flower is transplanted into a pot with new soil. Before planting, the soil is also sprayed with Fundazole solution. The drug is diluted in the same proportion. Once in the soil, the fungicide prevents the development of the pathogenic fungus.
Before the procedure, the instrument (scissors or pruning shears) should be held in rubbing alcohol, and the sections should be sprinkled with charcoal powder or cinnamon.
It manifests itself in the form of watery spots, which quickly grow and acquire a brown tint.
- contaminated soil;
- dirty tools;
- excess moisture or fertilizer.
- Pruning diseased parts of the plant.
- Spraying with copper chloride (HOM). This is a fungicidal preparation of protective contact action. The solution is prepared in the proportion: 4 g of powder per 10 liters of water. Then the plant is carefully sprayed from all sides from a spray bottle.
- After 14 days, the procedure is repeated.
- The same solution should be sprayed on the soil.
The disease is characterized by the appearance of white bloom on all parts of the plant, twisting and drying of the leaves (read about why balsam leaves can hurt, and why the leaves can turn yellow is described here).
- improper watering;
- stagnant air;
- low temperature;
- bad light.
- Removal of diseased parts of the plant.
- Spraying with soda ash solution. To do this, dissolve 1 tablespoon of soda in 5 liters of water, add 2 tablespoons of liquid soap. Spray the plant thoroughly with this solution from a spray bottle.
- The procedure is repeated after 10 days.
- Alternatively, you can use a copper-soap solution. For this: 5 g of copper sulfate is dissolved in 250 ml of hot water. Separately prepare a soap solution: rub 50 g of soap on a grater and dissolve in 5 liters of warm water. Then a solution with vitriol is poured into it. The plant is sprayed with this emulsion from a spray bottle.
It is characterized by the appearance of spots on the leaves, followed by their drying and falling off. Flowers and buds also fall.
The disease is of viral origin and is fatal to balsam. Mosaic virus is carried by thrips (parasitic insects) and does not respond to treatment.
The diseased plant should be destroyed, and the soil should be thrown out of the pot.
You will find a list of the main diseases of balsam in our material.
Why are the buds not opening?
If the buds of balsam do not open, there may be several reasons for this:
- insufficient air humidity;
- improper watering;
- dry air;
- inappropriate soil pH;
- lack of potassium;
- excess nitrogen in the soil;
If the plant dries
First of all, you should examine it for the presence of a spider mite. If the parasite is present, then the reason is in it.
What should be done:
- Trim flowers to reduce stress.
- Lather the sponge with laundry soap and wipe the plant. You should also wipe down the pot and tray.
- Rinse off the soap thoroughly with running water from the shower.
- After drying, spray the plant with Fitoverim (insectoacaricide with intestinal action). To prepare the solution, dissolve 5 g of the drug in 1 liter of water. Spray the flower with a spray bottle. Repeat the procedure after 10 days.
The spider mite is a parasite that feeds on plant cell sap. As a result, they become weak and susceptible to infections.
If there is no spider mite, then the reasons may be as follows:
- Dry air... In order to solve the problem, you need to spray the flower twice a day.
- Air temperature... It should not drop below 15 degrees.
- Direct sunlight... In the beginning, burns appear, then the flower dries up.
- Soil quality... If the soil has not been changed for over a year, it depletes. The flower lacks nutrients.
- Decay of roots... Reasons: excessive watering, soil contamination with fungal infections.
- Insufficient watering... The plant suffers from a lack of moisture.
Reasons for the death of a flower:
- Diseases fungal, viral and bacterial in nature.
- Pests. Thrips, whitefly, spider mites, aphids.
- Improper care: excessive watering (provokes root rot), insufficient watering, low temperature combined with high humidity.
How to reanimate a plant in order to save it?
What to do if the flower wilted, wilted and darkened at the base and slowly dies? If the flower dies, do the following urgently:
- Find out the reason.
- Adjust the humidity of the air and soil.
- Trim the affected areas down to healthy tissue.
- Eliminate drafts.
- Avoid direct sunlight.
- Spray the flower with the fungicide. It is best to use a broad-spectrum drug "Discor". To do this, dissolve 1 ml of the drug in 2 liters of water. Spray the plant with the resulting solution from a spray bottle. Repeat procedures in 10-12 days.
Discor is a highly effective chemical fungicide of contact and systemic action. Covers a wide range of diseases. It is often used in cases where the disease of the plant is undefined.
If the roots are damaged:
- Remove the flower from the pot and gently loosen the soil from the root.
- Rinse the root under running water.
- If there are any damaged areas at the root, trim them off.
- Prepare Kornevin's solution at the rate of 1 g of powder per 1 liter of water.
- Place the plant there so that only the roots are immersed in the solution.
- After a day, replace the solution with water, place the flower there and leave it there until the young roots begin to grow.
- After that, the balsam can be transplanted into new soil.
Corevin is a chlorine-free biostimulating drug, which promotes the development and restoration of the root system.
Why do flowers fall?
There can be several reasons why flowers wither and fall:
- Too wet soil... This provokes decay and death of the roots. At the same time, the plant does not receive nutrients from the soil and sheds flowers.
- Lack of potassium... Potassium is needed for good flowering, if the soil is poor, the plant does not have enough strength to bloom (about why balsam does not bloom, it is written in this article).
- Pests often cause discoloration. They suck out the juices of the plant and thus cause various diseases. After that, infection often occurs.
- Improper feeding, namely, an excess of nitrogen in the soil. Nitrogen promotes crown development and inhibits flowering.
- Anxiety... They don't like balsam when they move it, turn it, transfer it from one room to another. This causes stress and leads to discoloration.
- Transplant during flowering... It is strictly forbidden to do this, since the plant is exposed to severe stress and stress.
- Inappropriate soil... The soil for balsam should be slightly acidic, light and loose. Only in this way will the plant be able to fully absorb all the nutrients. Otherwise, the flower does not feel comfortable.
Prevention and proper care at home
- Balsam loves diffused light and does not tolerate direct sunlight. Therefore, it is better to place the pot on the east or west windowsill.
- Balsam loves abundant watering. It must be watered regularly and abundantly, otherwise it will wither, if not, do not overmoisten the soil.
- The pot must have holes.
- There must be drainage under the soil layer in the pot (expanded clay, small pebbles, etc.).
- In winter, watering is reduced. In winter, balsam is watered 1-2 times a month.
- The air temperature should not fall below 15 degrees.
- From early spring to late autumn, balsam needs regular feeding. The frequency of feeding is once every 3 weeks.
- The plant should be replanted annually in spring.
- Regular examination for diseases and pests.
- Correct care. The room should not be warm, light and humid.
- Once every six months, balsam is sprayed with Fitosporin solution for prophylactic purposes. To do this, ½ teaspoon should be dissolved in 2 liters of water. The resulting solution is sprayed onto the plant from a spray bottle.
Care and prevention is the best way to prevent disease. If you do everything correctly, you will not have to urgently save your pet from death. Use the above tips, and balsam will delight you with beauty and lush bloom for a long time.