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Secrets of growing Kalanchoe at home: types, care and reproduction

Secrets of growing Kalanchoe at home: types, care and reproduction


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Kalanchoe is a popular flower used for decorative or medicinal purposes. It is grown in apartments and private houses, some species are planted in open ground in garden beds.

The plant belongs to succulents and is unpretentious in care, often pleases the owner with a beautiful flowering. Medicinal varieties in their popularity are inferior only to the favorite of many fans of indoor plants - aloe.

Origin story

The birthplace of the Kalanchoe is Madagascar... During the development of trade in the 18th century, it spread throughout the world thanks to enterprising merchants and traders. Some varieties adorned the flower beds of royal palaces, flowers were popular with ladies as an adornment for dresses and hats.

According to legend, a sailor fell ill on one of the ships sailing past Madagascar. The team dropped him off on one of the islands, handing him over to the care of local residents and not really hoping for his recovery. However, on the way back, the captain ordered to know about the fate of the crew member, and everyone was very surprised when it turned out that the sailor was alive and well. After questioning him, the captain learned that the locals used a special plant in the treatment of the patient. He was immediately loaded onto a ship and taken to the nearest mainland, from where the Kalanchoe began its journey around the world.

Description and characteristics

What they call and why

Translated from the Madagascar dialect, "Kalanch" means health. Hence the name of the plant. Later, for medicinal properties, he was given popular nicknames: "surgeon without a knife", "indoor ginseng" and "tree of life".

Botanical characteristics

KingdomPlants
The DepartmentAngiosperms
ClassDicotyledonous
OrderStonefragmented
FamilyFatty
GenusSucculents
Species of a closely related genusBryophyllum
PrevalenceIndia;
Australia;
Madagascar;
islands of New Guinea;
Moluccas;
tropical islands of America and Asia

Plant structure

The features of the plant include fibrous thickened roots, fleshy (sometimes lignified) stems and juicy elastic leaf plates, which are arranged spiral-opposite or in whorls of three.

Leaves are petiolate or sessile. Moreover, both those and those have a stem-embracing base. The shape of the plates is different - ovoid, pinnate, round, with a smooth edge or with teeth. They also vary in thickness and size, they are flat and cylindrical, small and huge, like burdocks. All species have apical peduncles or peduncles formed from leaf sinuses. Most flowers have four petals.

Growth features

The height of an adult plant varies from 25 cm to 2 meters. The maximum size is reached in the first year of life... Stems can be straight and upright, spirally arranged, or creeping along the ground, or encircling the trunk of the tree on which some species grow.

Root system

The type of root system depends on the specific type of plant and can be either superficial or extending several meters deep. A distinctive feature of the roots is their fibrous structure.

Difficulty growing

Even a beginner can grow a healthy and strong Kalanchoe bush. The plant is unpretentious, many species adapt well to various conditions and do not suffer even with rare watering, since in the wild they often grow on rocky slopes. At the same time, a strong immunity is noted, Kalanchoe rarely gets sick and is not afraid of most pests.

How long does it live?

This is a perennial plant, some individuals at home with good care live up to 10 years, but there are also two-year-old species.

Signs and superstitions

Many folk signs and superstitions are associated with the cultivation of Kalanchoe. It symbolizes peace and harmony with oneself, focus on a set goal and achieving mutual understanding with others.

Once this flower was given for Christmasas a wish for well-being and happiness. It was believed that if there is this plant in the house, then all troubles and hardships will bypass it. Kalanchoe clears the space of accumulated negative energy, attracts positive and gives strength for new things.

The purchased flower will return the former passion in the relationship of long-time spouses. All disagreements will be forgotten, a new round of relations will begin, full of happy moments. If the Kalanchoe does not bloom, then you should pay attention to trust and mutual understanding in a pair. As soon as these problems are eliminated, the plant will release flower stalks and delight the owners with exuberant flowering. Withering suggests that the Kalanchoe took the blow and averted trouble from the family.

A pregnant woman should take care of this plant - then she will have an easy birth, and the baby will be born healthy and strong. The flower will protect the new family member from evil looks and damage.

And here Kalanchoe promises newlyweds quarrels and resentments, a depressing atmosphere, infidelity and deception will reign in the house. You cannot acquire a plant in the first year after the birth of a child - the flower will take away his health and strength.

The ideal place for a pot of this plant is in the kitchen, living room or south windowsill.

Varieties

About 200 species of this plant are now known. Among them there are both flowering varieties and those that do not differ in bright inflorescences. Several representatives are famous for their medicinal properties. Most species can be grown both at home and in garden plots. Of the most popular, they note:

Flowering varieties

Kalanchoe fiery

A bright red member of the family, native to Somalia, living on rocky soils. The plant has umbrella-shaped inflorescences, the leaves have the shape of an inverted egg. The fiery Kalanchoe grows up to 40 cm and does not branch out. The flowers have triangular petals of a scarlet hue. Outside the native climate, it is grown at home, with average temperatures and low air humidity.

Hilderbrandt (kalanchoe hildebrandtii)

The shape of the leaves of this representative resembles a coffee spoon. Their color is dirty green, with a silvery sheen. The scarlet flower bud stands out brightly against the background of the foliage, gradually changing its color to bright orange. The bush grows up to 35-38 cm, and flowering occurs in the winter season.
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Pumila (kalanchoe pumila)

A small shrub no more than 25 cm high, its shoots first grow vertically, and then sink to the ground. Young leaves form a dark green fan with a bluish bloom. Over time, the shade changes to brown or purple. This species blooms with bright pink or purple flowers.

Used in medicine, contains many vitamins, trace elements, flavonoids, polysaccharides and tannins.
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Figueredoi partridge (kalanchoe figuereidoi)

The height of the bush reaches 50 cm. Green-gray leaves with purple edges grow in rosettes. Purple-brown stripes are also present at the top of the plates, making the plant look like a lurking partridge. The color of the leaves in the cold season becomes brighter, in spring and summer - faded, earthy green.
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Kalandiva

One of the subspecies of Blossfeld, grown in greenhouse conditions, compact in size (up to 30 cm in height). When grown properly, each stem will produce 20 to 50 buds.
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Sinsepala (kalanchoe synsepala)

The variety has large green leaves, their edges are decorated with teeth and a burgundy border. In nature, it grows on slopes and uneven rocky soils. Suitable for growing in the garden, quickly adapts to changing weather, is not afraid of heat and perfectly tolerates cool. The species differs in an unusual way of reproduction - long shoots are released from the leaf sinuses, at the ends of which young leaves are tied. Pink or white flowers form in the corolla of paniculate inflorescences.
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Kalanchoe degremona (kalanchoe daigremontianum)

A perennial representative of the family, growing up to 50 cm. Leaves about 10 cm, have a bright green color below and a gray-green tint on top. Small purple pigments are scattered throughout the plant. Has a paniculate inflorescence that forms in winter.

This is another species with an unusual breeding method. Buds are formed between the teeth at the edges of the leaves, from which new shoots with air roots sprout. After full maturity, they crumble to the ground and take root.
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Kalanchoe Beharskoe (kalanchoe beharensis)

A member of the family, originally from southern Madagascar. It grows up to 80 cm. Green leaves have a bloom of gray wax. At the top of each shoot, loose inflorescences are formed that open in green or pale yellow flowers. Easily tolerates drought, but grows best during the cooler season.
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Cirrus (kalanchoe pinnata)

Another perennial plant from Madagascar, found in rocky mountainous terrain. It grows up to a meter in height. The lower leaves are simple in shape and dark in color, the upper ones are light and carved. The buds are directed downward, with a reddish-green hue.
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Gastonis bonnieri (kalanchoe gastonis bonnieri)

Another name is Kalanchoe yellow, which also grows in Madagascar. Because of the shape of the leaves, it is called "donkey ears". Reaches a height of 50 cm.

The old lower leaves are red or brown in color, and the young ones located closer to the top have a green-silver tint. This species blooms in winter, dissolving yellow buds on brown peduncles in the cold season.
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Tubular (kalanchoe tubiflora)

Another name is tirsiflora. It reaches a height of 60 cm, is a perennial plant and is found most often in Madagascar. It has long and thin leaves up to 10 cm.

The upper shoots are strewn with buds. The leaf plates are greenish with brown and grayish spots. They love to grow it in apartments, since the flower gives a lot of buds.
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IMPORTANT! Kalanchoe tirsiflora is divided into different varieties. There are tall, medium height and low species. Kalanchoe flowers have different shades - bright pink, deep purple, deep red, orange, light purple, white, pale yellow.

Purple tea (kalanchoe porphyrocalyx)

This species grows even in the most unsuitable places, adapts well to any type of climate. The flowers have the shape of yellow-pink bells. In nature, this plant can be found both on rocky ground and on tree trunks. The leaves have a light green hue, they are long in shape, they can encircle the entire trunk of the plant. Blooms for about two weeks.
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Blossfeld (kalanchoe blossfeldiana)

Originally grown in Madagascar, as the humid forest climate and humus soil are ideal conditions. Reaches 35 cm in height, looks like a shrub. Green leaves have an egg shape with a reddish border. From February to May, flowers appear in umbrella-shaped inflorescences.

This species is considered the progenitor of garden and ampelous flowers, it is used as a decor, and the shades of flowers are different - yellow, white, red, lilac, pink.

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Marnier (kalanchoe marnieriana)

A semi-shrub with succulent bluish leaves growing around the shoots. The height of the marnier reaches 55 cm, the stems are creeping, giving volume to the bush. In the coolness, the leaves turn pinkish-lilac, red or bright orange flowers look down. In the wild, it lives in the rocky areas of Madagascar.
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Mangini (mangina) (kalanchoe manginii)

The leaves of this species are similar to Blossfeld. The flowers are large and pink, bell-shaped in shape. The buds appear in early spring. In their structure, the inflorescences are similar to clusters, each containing up to 10 orange-red flowers. The bush reaches a height of 50 cm.
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Kalanchoe expanding (kalanchoe prolifera)

In the wild of Madagascar, this species grows up to two meters, is distinguished by a strong, straight stem with a rosette of leaves located at the top. Gradually, the leaves crumble, and after a few years the plant blooms with paniculate inflorescences.
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Dissected Kalanchoe (kalanchoe laciniata)

Native to Asia and Africa, it has firm, dense stems and shoots that initially grow straight and then descend and creep along the ground. The species got its name because of the shape of the dark green leaves - the edges are covered with teeth.
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Rosalina mix

The species is distinguished by delicate buds of various shades (pink, white, purple, yellow) and rounded glossy leaves. It is considered one of the most unpretentious representatives of the family.
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Panicled flower (kalanchoe thyrsiflora)

Perennial plant with a large number of leaves, up to half a meter high. The leaves are rounded at the ends, a white-silvery shade. The main density is located near the ground, there are much fewer leaves on top.

The inflorescence is a panicle. The flowers are yellow, with small petals, appear in May or late April and last for about a month.
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Large-flowered (kalanchoe grandiflora)

It resembles a marble look. India is considered the homeland. It reaches a height of 60 cm, a bush with a straight stem, along which light green leaves are placed on small cuttings. If the plant spends a lot of time in the sun, the leaves turn pink or turn purple, especially around the edges.
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Lucia (kalanchoe luciae)

The species has hard, dense leaves, large in size, growing around the stem. The upper plates have a bluish bloom, the lower ones are green or purple in color.

The plant is perennial, begins to bloom after two years. The buds are bright yellow, often after flowering, the lusia begins to fade, but it is restored with the help of shoot children.
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Marble (kalanchoe marmorata)

Another name is variegated Kalanchoe, which grows naturally in the mountains of Ethiopia. It grows up to half a meter, looks like a large shrub, the leaves of which are in the shape of an inverted egg.

The plant got its name due to the varied color of the leaves: they have both green and brown shades, with brown and purple dots. Coloring acts as a camouflage among stones on clay soil.
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Fedchenko (kalanchoe fedtschenkoi)

The leaves of this representative are oval, dense, with teeth along the entire perimeter. They have a bright green color, but with prolonged exposure to the sun, it changes to red or pink shades. Sometimes the plates get a different color - white, yellow, cream. In height, this plant is small, up to 30 cm. Pink bell buds lean to the ground.
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Loose (kalanchoe laxiflora)

Adult shoots of this plant reach 50 cm. The species is adapted to growing on uneven, rocky surfaces.

The leaves have a blue-green base and a red border around the edge. Sometimes completely red plates are found. The teeth on the leaves only emphasize the ovoid shape. Flowers are red, lilac, pink-purple and orange.
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Non-blooming

Of the non-flowering species, two are popular.

Kalanchoe laciniata

I also call the plant "deer horns", which speaks of the peculiar shape of the leaf plates. It is a perennial species, with juicy and fleshy shoots creeping along the ground.

The leaves are serrated along the edge, and the surface is smooth, as if covered with wax. The color of the plates is deep green.
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Felt Kalanchoe or tomentosa (kalanchoe tomentosa)

This plant is from Madagascar and is often compared to the ears of a cat. The stem is even and straight, completely covered with hairs. The flower has umbrella-shaped inflorescences, long leaves, a short corolla tube.
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What species can be grown outdoors?

Is Kalanchoe perennial or annual?

What types of Kalanchoe are medicinal?

Useful properties and application

Kalanchoe is able not only to decorate a room, but also to treat various diseases, therefore it is often grown for these purposes.

Healing properties

For medicinal purposes, only three types are used: Kalanchoe Degremona, Kalanchoe pinnate and Kalanchoe Blossfeld... In terms of their medicinal qualities, they differ little from each other and are used to treat some diseases.

Kalanchoe has bactericidal properties, destroys dangerous microorganisms and stops the growth of bacteria. It inhibits inflammation, stops bleeding and is able to pull out dead tissue from wounds, for which the people call him "a surgeon without a knife." It has a good effect on the healing of the skin. In medicine, Kalanchoe is used to treat tonsillitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, influenza, acute respiratory infections and acute respiratory viral infections.

Dentists often recommend decoctions of this plant to eliminate the symptoms of periodontal disease, stomatitis, and gingivitis. Kalanchoe is effective in the treatment of skin diseases, for example, acne, eczema, psoriasis. Heals wounds, cracks, erosion, ulcers, helps in the treatment of varicose veins.

For women

Kalanchoe is used in the treatment of gynecological diseases. It relieves inflammation of the cervical canal mucosa known as cervicitis and promotes healing of cervical erosion.

Due to its high content of flavonoids, which are similar in structure to sex hormones, the plant helps to relieve pre- and postmenopausal symptoms. Flavonoids reduce lipids and slow down oxidative processes, making the aging process smoother and less painful.

During pregnancy

Kalanchoe juice, diluted in half with boiled water, avoids taking chemical medications during pregnancy. It is instilled into the nose for acute respiratory infections and acute respiratory viral infections, thereby achieving a decrease in the production of mucus and a decrease in inflammation, it becomes easier to breathe, and coughing decreases.

If tears and deep cracks were obtained during childbirth, then the juice of a medicinal plant will speed up the healing process... To do this, a gauze soaked in juice is applied to the wound and left for 10-15 minutes. The skin around the wound is pre-lubricated with furacilin or synthomycin emulsion. The result is already on the fifth day.

For a week, Kalanchoe juice relieves nipple cracks during breastfeeding. After each feeding, 2-3 drops of juice mixed with water 1: 1 are applied to the nipples. Before giving a breast to a baby, the nipples should be wiped with a damp swab.

For men

In men who lead a sedentary lifestyle and are overweight, blood circulation in the pelvic organs is often impaired, which leads to the development of diseases such as prostate adenoma and prostatitis. Alcohol tincture or compresses from fresh Kalanchoe leaves relieve inflammation and alleviate the symptoms of the disease. And the daily consumption of one fresh leaf of this plant reduces the risk of developing prostate cancer by 30% due to the contained flavonoids.

For children

Kalanchoe is used to treat the common cold in children over one year old. Up to ten years, 1-2 drops of a decoction of the plant are instilled, for children over ten years old - juice diluted equally with boiled water. Or put tampons soaked in these drops in each nostril for 5 minutes.

IMPORTANT! Before starting this treatment, you need to conduct a sensitivity test by dripping a little juice on the inner surface of the elbow. If redness or itching appears, the medicine cannot be used. It is not recommended for children to mix Kalanchoe juice with the juice of another plant (aloe or onion).

Doctors forbid using such treatment if the child has a temperature for a long time. Drops from a medicinal plant help only with inflamed adenoids, acute respiratory infections or acute respiratory viral infections, if a runny nose is caused by an allergic reaction or is of a physiological nature, then another remedy is selected.

When losing weight

Kalanchoe does not have a clear effect on the process of losing weight, but it is included in a comprehensive weight loss program, using it as a strengthening and digestive agent.

Contraindications

Kalanchoe should be used in treatment only after consulting a doctor. Contraindications are:

  • individual intolerance or lingering allergic attacks;
  • low blood pressure;
  • violation of the heart rhythm;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • liver diseases (hepatitis, cirrhosis, etc.);
  • diabetes mellitus in the stage of decompensation;
  • glomeruponephritis;
  • Whipple's disease;
  • oncological diseases;
  • children's age up to a year.

ATTENTION! During pregnancy and during lactation, it is forbidden to use fresh leaves or plant juice inside - only decoctions and infusions. With a cold, the juice is diluted with boiled water and only with the permission of the gynecologist.

Types of medicinal compositions

In the treatment of diseases, several types of medicinal compounds are used.

Infusion

For infusion, the finely chopped leaves of the plant are poured with boiling water and simmered in a water bath for 15-20 minutes in an enamel saucepan with a tightly closed lid. Infusion for external use is made in a ratio of 1: 5, and for internal use - 1:10.

Juice

For freshly squeezed juice, young leaves are used. They are kept in the refrigerator for several hours, kneaded, crushed and squeezed into a glass dish.

Tincture

Cut fresh leaves of the plant are poured into a dry dark glass jar by one third, filled to the brim with alcohol, closed with a tight lid and insisted for a week in a cool, dark place. A week later, the tincture is filtered and stored in the refrigerator, in a glass container made of dark glass.

Butter

Freshly squeezed flower juice is mixed with olive oil (1: 1). The oil is infused for 3 days in a dark room, stored in a dark glass, in the refrigerator.

Decoction

5 leaves are poured over 100 ml of water and brought to a boil over low heat. The container is left for an hour, then the broth is filtered and poured into a glass container made of dark glass. This composition is used to treat a cold in children and during pregnancy.

Kalanchoe in folk medicine

This plant has a wide range of effects on the body and is often mentioned in traditional medicine recipes for the treatment of various diseases. Any of the three medicinal types mentioned above are used.

With diabetes mellitus

In case of diabetes mellitus, the patient's body needs regular feeding with calcium, which is abundant in fresh juice from Kalanchoe leaves. Take it one tablespoon, once a day, with meals, without increasing the dosage. Within a month, insulin can be mixed into the juice, the amount of which will be indicated by the doctor at the reception.

People with diabetes often have foot problems. Any small injury, ulcer or scratch can provoke an infection that will result in a trophic ulcer. In this case, the juice is mixed with novocaine, lanolin or furazolidone (the dosage of the drug will be prescribed by the doctor). Sore spots are lubricated 3-4 times a day. The first few minutes there is a slight burning sensation, but then it goes away. It is not required to wash off the medicine.

Lotions are also used to treat such an ulcer.... One part of Kalanchoe juice is mixed with the same amount of aloe juice. The resulting mixture is impregnated with a bandage or cotton swab, which is applied to the sore spot for 15-20 minutes, then washed off with warm water.

Toothache

Experts note that Kalanchoe has the same effect as novocaine, therefore it is suitable for relieving toothache. Gruel from the leaves is applied to the cheek, covered with foil and wrapped in a warm scarf for 30-60 minutes.

Mouth rinses with alcohol tincture are used to treat gingivitis, periodontitis and stomatitis. It is allowed to dilute it with calamus tincture, making applications. To do this, a gauze napkin is impregnated with the mixture and applied to the gums for 5-7 minutes. For stomatitis, tampons with juice are applied, 4 times a day for 12 minutes.

With gastritis

For the treatment of gastritis, juice is taken orally, one tablespoon 3 times a day, after meals. Such a technique will relieve the inflammatory process in the stomach and reduce pain, stimulating tissue repair.

Strengthen the secretory activity of the stomach and speed up the process of digestion of food will help fresh juice in half with an infusion of centaury leaves, watch and juniper berries (1 tablespoon of each component is poured with a liter of boiling water and infused for 30 minutes). The composition is consumed strictly before each meal for 1 tbsp. spoon.

For herpes

Itching and burning due to rashes of a herpetic nature removes the juice of fresh leaves, mixed in equal proportions with honey. The mixture is applied to the inflamed area and after 10 minutes washed off with warm water. Such a composition can be used not only in the form of rubbing, but also inside. It stimulates the immune system and has an antiseptic effect on the body.

Chopped leaves will do as well. Equal parts of honey and leaves are insisted for 10 hours and eaten according to Art. spoon 3-4 times a day.

For the intestines

For the treatment and prevention of intestinal diseases (gastroduodenitis, colitis and enterocolitis), alcohol tincture from Kalanchoe leaves is used. 15-20 minutes before meals take 1 teaspoon of tincture with a little warm water. Reception is carried out only before a full breakfast, lunch and dinner, snacks do not count.

To alleviate the condition with acute colitis, the tincture is mixed with a decoction of the herb yarrow. To do this, pour a tablespoon of herbs with a glass of water and cook for 10 minutes over low heat. The broth is allowed to cool and filtered, mixed in equal parts with the tincture and the resulting mixture, 1 tbsp. spoon take 5-7 times a day. There is a decrease in pain, normalization of stools and an improvement in appetite.

The following remedy will help prevent exacerbation of chronic colitis:: an equal amount of plantain and Kalanchoe leaves are passed through a meat grinder and poured with water so that it only covers the leaves. The mixture is infused for 20 minutes, squeezed out and put into the refrigerator. The healing composition is consumed 3 times a day for 1 tbsp. spoon, for 15-20 days, after which they take a break for a month.

From burns

In case of frostbite, Kalanchoe juice is dripped onto the sore spot, up to 4 times a day. In case of burns, a whole leaf of the plant is applied, fixing it with a bandage or dense cloth, for 3-4 hours, then replacing it with a fresh one. If the wound is extensive and one sheet cannot be dispensed with, then a gauze napkin soaked in juice is applied to it, and removed after 5 hours.

For the liver

The work of the liver and gallbladder is disrupted due to inflammatory processes that lead to the formation of bile and the manifestation of stagnation. The collection of medicinal herbs eliminates these problems.

2 tbsp. tablespoons of calendula, dill seeds, juniper fruits and Kalanchoe babies are mixed with 4 tbsp. spoons of chamomile, strawberries, rose hips, horsetail and corn stigmas. 3 tbsp. collection spoons are poured with boiling water (0.5 l) and insisted for an hour and a half. After filtering and taking a glass 3 times a day, 15-20 minutes before meals.

Another collection is also used, consisting of St. John's wort and Kalanchoe babies (1 tablespoon per glass of boiling water). Plants are poured with water and infused for 1.5-2 hours. The course of treatment lasts 5-7 days, the broth is added according to Art. spoon in tea.

With angina

Drops that are used to treat a common cold are useful in case of tonsillitis or sore throat. Kalanchoe juice is mixed with boiled water (1: 1) and used for rinsing 4-5 times a day until complete recovery. This method is also used to treat infantile angina.

With hemorrhoids

Kalanchoe reduces inflammation, relieves pain and normalizes blood circulation, so it is often used to treat hemorrhoids. Lotions, compresses or baths are used.

Juice is squeezed out of fresh leaves of the plant, with which a gauze napkin is impregnated. It is applied to the inflamed hemorrhoid for 15-20 minutes.

For the bath, half a glass of juice mixed with an infusion of medicinal herbs is required: 20 g of valerian root, 30 g of horsetail and 50 g of oak bark are mixed, 1 tbsp is measured. spoon and pour a glass of boiling water for an hour. The infusion is added to the Kalanchoe juice and diluted with warm water in a basin. You need to sit in it for 15-20 minutes.

Also mix Kalanchoe juice with petroleum jelly (in proportions 1: 3). The resulting ointment is applied for 20-30 minutes, and then washed off with warm water. This will relieve inflammation from the hemorrhoid and reduce pain.

From warts

Before treating warts and papillomas, Kalanchoe leaves are refrigerated for two weeks. Treatment can be done in several ways:

  • in the morning and in the evening, rub fresh juice into the wart;
  • 3 tbsp. tablespoons of chopped leaves are poured with 100 ml of vodka and insisted for a week in a dark room, and then rubbed into the wart in the morning and evening until it disappears completely;
  • 1 part of Kalanchoe juice and 2 parts of olive oil are kept for 30 minutes in a water bath, stirring constantly, and after cooling, the mixture is rubbed into the build-up.

For greater efficiency, before the procedures, a decoction of wormwood, calendula and celandine is applied to the wart (1: 1: 1).

From prostatitis

Prostatitis is treated with an alcoholic tincture based on Kalanchoe. 100 g of leaves are poured with 200 ml of alcohol and insisted for 10 days in a cool dark place, and then filtered through cheesecloth. The medicine is taken orally, once before breakfast and an hour before bedtime, a teaspoon each. After improvement of the condition, the dosage is reduced to 1/2 spoon.

The tincture is also drunk according to a different scheme - 1.5 tsp 1 time a day, on an empty stomach... The course lasts until the symptoms disappear completely. And for prevention purposes, it is recommended to eat a fresh leaf of the plant every day.

With a cold

If you chew a leaf of Kalanchoe, it will ease the cough and soften the throat, get rid of germs and the virus. The juice of the plant with boiled water (in equal proportions), 2 times a day, according to Art. The same composition can be dripped 3-4 times a day, 1-2 drops into the nose to remove a runny nose. And the added aloe juice will speed up the healing process.

From cough

Attacks of lingering cough are treated with a mixture of Kalanchoe juice with melted butter (1: 1). A tablespoon of the product is taken 3 times a day, before meals.

Or the bottom of a black radish is cut off and a small depression is made, which is filled with chopped leaves of a medicinal plant and a spoonful of honey. The bottom is returned to its place and the radish is put into the refrigerator, checking periodically for the allocated juice. It is drained and drunk according to Art. spoon before meals.

From varicose veins

Alcohol tincture from Kalanchoe stimulates blood circulation, therefore it is often used to treat varicose veins. It is rubbed into the legs from bottom to top (from feet to thighs). Blood microcirculation improves, the number of spider veins decreases. The feeling of heaviness in the legs is eliminated, pain is relieved, and the frequency of seizures decreases. For a stable rubbing effect, spend 4 months.

For the treatment of varicose veins, the tincture is made from 500 ml of vodka and 2 tbsp. tablespoons of crushed leaves of a plant. They are insisted for 10-12 days in a dark place, shaking once a day.

From a runny nose

For the treatment of rhinitis in adults, Kalanchoe juice is mixed with aloe or onion juice (in equal shares) and three drops are dripped into each nostril. It is best to be careful with onions and test the mixture on the inner crease of the elbow before using.

Kalanchoe is also mixed with a decoction of lemon balm or St. John's wort (1: 1). Such a remedy not only gives the ability to breathe, but also relieves inflammation and has an antimicrobial effect. For the treatment of children's rhinitis, juice is not used, only a decoction.

For joints

Joint diseases are treated externally, Kalanchoe-based compositions improve physical activity, relieve pain and inflammation.

4 tbsp. tablespoons of crushed leaves are poured into 500 ml of alcohol in an enamel or glass container. The composition for grinding is insisted under the lid for 2 weeks, filtered and stored in the refrigerator, rubbing the joints with it once a day.

Compress for sore joints - crushed chalk, 1-2 tablespoons of kefir and a small amount of alcoholic tincture (the consistency of the mixture should be like sour cream). Before going to bed, the prepared product is applied to the joints, wrapped in polyethylene and a bandage or thick cloth. The compress is left overnight, and in the morning it is washed off with warm water.

Another composition for grinding is made from equal parts of honey, grated black radish and Kalanchoe juice. The ingredients are mixed and infused for a couple of hours, and then rubbed over the sore joints. It is recommended to mix Kalanchoe juice with grated or minced horseradish.

With sinusitis

A prolonged cold or ARVI leads to the development of sinusitis, which is treated with Kalanchoe tincture with aloe in equal parts - 2 drops in each nostril, three times a day. At the same time, the head is kept thrown back.

To speed up the treatment, cotton swabs with ointment are used (50 g of lanolin, 50 g of petroleum jelly and a tablespoon of Kalanchoe juice). They are placed in the nostrils for 5-6 minutes once a day before going to bed at night.

When sinusitis develops, when the inflammation affects several sinuses, a stronger remedy is used. A teaspoon of juices of onion, cyclomena root, aloe and Kalanchoe is added to 10 g of Vishnevsky ointment. The mixture is applied to tampons and placed in the nostrils 3 times a day for 5-7 minutes. The course lasts 25-30 days.

Application in cosmetology

In addition to medical purposes, Kalanchoe is used in cosmetic skin, hair and nail care. It is added to masks and lotions, baths and compresses are made.

For beautiful skin

Cosmetologists recommend using Kalanchoe to cleanse pores and skin, eliminate excess fat and lighten age spots. He also struggles with acne. Remove the skin from the leaf and wipe the face and décolleté with the pulp, wait a little, letting the juice absorb, and then apply a moisturizer or nourishing cream without washing.

To dry oily skin, Kalanchoe juice is mixed with a decoction of other medicinal herbs (linden, mint and chamomile leaves are insisted in boiling water for half an hour). The mixture is applied to the face as a mask for 20-25 minutes, washed off with warm water and a cream is applied.

For hands and nails

The plant softens the skin of the hands, due to its antiseptic properties, it treats nail fungus, strengthening the nail plate and restoring the cuticle.

A few drops of juice are added to hand cream before going to bed, putting on cotton gloves on top and leaving it overnight. If the fungus is to be cured, then each nail is wrapped at night with gauze soaked in juice, under gloves, every day until the fungus disappears.

Lotion for youthful skin

A tablespoon of juice is mixed with a teaspoon of honey and half a glass of boiled water. The product is used to wipe the face after each wash, before applying the cream or after the mask. Suitable for both oily and dry skin.

For beautiful hair

A special mask helps to give your hair a beautiful shine and thickness. Take a teaspoon of Kalanchoe, birch and garlic juices, mix with 1 yolk and apply along the entire hair length for 2 hours, under a film and a towel. After the allotted time, the mask is washed off with shampoo, then a conditioner or balm is applied.

Can Kalanchoe leaves be eaten fresh?

Is Kalanchoe poisonous for cats, dogs?

Which Kalanchoe cannot be kept at home?

Home care

Kalanchoe is grown for decorative or medicinal purposes. To prevent the plant from dying, it is important to follow the basic rules for caring for it.

Location and lighting

Most species grow in warm regions, so a well-lit place for the plant is chosen, but without scorching sunlight. In the apartment, it is required to provide the flower with a full daylight hours (12 hours), in the summer they choose the western or eastern window, in the winter they rearrange it to the south. Use lamps if necessary.

Temperature

Kalanchoe is not picky about temperature conditions, but the plant develops best at + 18 ... + 28 degrees in summer and + 14 ... + 18 in winter (flower buds are laid during this period). If the temperature drops below +10 degrees and lasts for a long time, the plant will wither and die.

How to care during the rest period?

  1. Peduncles are cut off.
  2. The temperature of the content is reduced to + 15 ... + 18 degrees.
  3. Reduce the length of daylight hours from 12 hours to 8. Use a cap made of thick cardboard or cover the flower with an opaque bag.
  4. Minimum watering. It is produced only after the soil has completely dried out.
  5. A month later, the previous conditions of detention are returned.

Watering

Water the plant with soft, well-settled water, a temperature slightly above room temperature. It is required to replenish moisture immediately after the top soil layer dries out, preventing the soil from drying out, as foliage falls off because of this. Watering is done through a pallet... In winter, this is done 3-4 days after the drying of the soil mixture, in summer - on the very first day.

Humidity

Kalanchoe feels good at normal room humidity, but on hot days it is required to spray the flower from a spray bottle. It's not scary if you forgot to do this - fleshy, often with a fleecy surface, leaves give off moisture slowly.

The soil

For growing this plant suitable soil for cacti, for example "Multidach" (75 rubles per pack), "Universal for succulents" (350 rubles per pack), "Fasco" (66 rubles). Or the soil is prepared independently from peat, sand, deciduous and soddy soil in a ratio of 1: 1: 2: 4.

It is important that there are no pathogens and pest larvae in the selected soil, and that there are enough nutrients for the development of the plant. Therefore, take purchased soil from trusted manufacturers, and spill the prepared soil with boiling water and dry it.

Pot

For Kalanchoe, clay or ceramic pots are used a little larger than the root system of a flower. Choose containers in light colors so that the soil does not dry out in the sun and the pot does not heat up. The cache-pot is used for ampelous species, in other cases the mandatory use of a pallet - watering is carried out through it.

Top dressing, fertilizers:

Fertilizers are applied in the summer, once a month, using organic matter, and once in the fall, during the formation of buds. Mineral dressing is used once a week. Suitable for Kalanchoe fertilizers for cactus, which are sold in any specialty store.

Pruning

Most species of the family throw off old leaf plates. Bare shoots are cut and transplanted into an individual container. If the species belongs to the ampelous varieties and the stems fall heavily over the edge, then they can also be cut off and planted next to or left in this form. You cannot carry out such manipulations when the plant is in the dormant stage.

Spraying

In normal situations, spray the plant with water only if the room has low humidity levels. If the plant is attacked by insects, spraying becomes an effective pest control measure. In this case, mineral oil or insecticides are used. This will be discussed in more detail in the corresponding section of the article.

Winter care

The flower does not require special attention in winter.... From the prerequisites - a decrease in watering (the procedure is carried out in the morning, with warm and soft water) and a temperature regime of + 14 ... + 18 degrees. If the plant suffers from a lack of lighting (north side, short daylight hours), then additional lighting with phytolamps is organized.

First care after purchase

The first rule is quarantine. Do not place the new plant next to the rest of the flowers to avoid infestation by pests or fungal diseases. Wipe the stems and leaves with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (the water should be slightly pinkish), dry the plant and leave for several days in a well-ventilated area, monitoring its further health. Avoid direct sunlight and high humidity in the room.

Features of outdoor care

Kalanchoe in the summer is sometimes transplanted to a flower bed. The plant is preliminarily prepared for outdoor conditions by exposing the pot to the balcony or street for several hours. The transplant is carried out in the spring, when there is no danger of frost or a sharp cold snap. The air temperature should not be lower than +12 degrees.

Choose a well-lit place, away from trees, dense bushes and buildings, so that the flower does not suffer from a lack of sunlight. Water the Kalanchoe in the open field once a week, be sure to loosen the soil after each irrigation.

Bloom

Above in the article there is a list of species that will delight you with beautiful flowering. Observance of two simple rules will help to achieve this phenomenon - a full daylight hours with bright lighting and a mandatory one-time feeding with organic matter in the autumn months, when the rudiments of buds are laid. After flowering, part of the shoots is cut off, forming a neat bush shape. This will save the plant's vigor and allow it to rest before the next flowering cycle.

If the peduncles are in no hurry to be born, the plant can be stressed a little to stimulate growth... To do this, the pot is removed for two or three days in a dark, cool place (with a temperature of + 12 ... + 15), and then returned to its original place.

Transfer

When needed

The plant is transplanted only if it has grown greatly and it becomes cramped in its own pot. If the Kalanchoe lives in a large container, then you should not transplant it - this can cause stress and delay future flowering.

Requirement for soil and pot

The pot is selected in a classic shape, best of all, clay and light in color, so that the sun's rays do not heat its walls. There must be holes at the bottom of the pot to allow moisture to pass through. Additionally, a drainage layer of brick chips or expanded clay is created. To transplant young bushes, use a soil mixture consisting of peat, sand, deciduous and sod soil in a ratio of 1: 1: 2: 4 or buy a ready-made substrate for succulents in a store. If an epiphytic Kalanchoe is transplanted, then it is recommended to add a small amount of humus to the soil mixture.

Step-by-step instruction

  1. The pot is filled with a drainage layer and soil.
  2. The plant is carefully removed from the old container, a small amount of native soil is left on the roots (if the Kalanchoe is healthy).
  3. A recess is made in the new soil into which the plant is placed.
  4. The roots are covered with earth, the top layer is crushed.
  5. Watering is carried out through the pallet, the soil is only slightly moistened from above.
  6. The pot is placed in the shade for two days, and then returned to its original place.

Reproduction

All types of breeding are available in Kalanchoe. Below we will talk about each of them in more detail.

Seating: when and how - step by step instructions

If you notice that the Kalanchoe bush has grown and released several side shoots, because of which it became cramped in the pot, then the plant can be divided into parts and planted in different pots. This is done at the end of the dormant period.

The pots are filled with a layer of drainage and succulent soil. (in a ratio of 2: 1: 0.5 turf, leafy soil and coarse river sand). The bush is divided into two or three parts, trying not to damage the roots, each of the parts is placed in its own container. The soil is lightly crushed and watered. The pots are removed for two days in a cool, slightly darkened place, and then placed on a sunny windowsill.

Seeds

Seed propagation is used if the selected species is exotic (feathery and felt flower), and it is difficult to get it from other owners or in a store.

The soil is prepared (in proportions 1: 1: 1: 0.5 humus, leafy earth, peat and coarse river sand), drainage is laid on the bottom of the container. The seeds are poured onto the surface and covered with glass, after sprinkling with water. The container is placed in a bright place and the temperature is maintained at +20 degrees. The glass is removed daily for 15-20 minutes for airing. Each time the soil dries, it is watered. Seedlings are transplanted into a separate container after the formation of 2-3 strong sheets

Sheet

In late May or early June, a fleshy healthy leaf (even thrown off by a plant) is dropped into wet sand and covered with a transparent cap. The container is placed in a bright, warm place; once a day, the cap is removed for 10-15 minutes. When the roots appear, the leaf is transplanted into the soil for succulents and returned to its original place, ensuring regular watering.

Cuttings

Reproduction by cuttings allows you not only to get a new plant, but also to renew and strengthen the old one. The stems of the Kalanchoe are strongly elongated during flowering, and after the flowers fall off, the plant looks bald and inconspicuous. Therefore, it is recommended:

  • the elongated part of the shoot (straight, from 8 cm long, with short internodes and even leaves), cut off and place in the ground, watering abundantly;
  • it is allowed to germinate the roots in a container of water first;
  • the stalk is deepened to the lower leaves;
  • after the roots appear, the top of the seedling is pinched to form a lush bush.

The method is used for Mangina and Blossfeld.

Children

Babies are brood leaf buds that look like a small full-fledged plant with a rosette of a pair of leaves and roots. Babies are formed on the leaves of "viviparous" Kalanchoe.

They crumble down on their own, mature enough, and also take root on their own. If the container is small and does not hold several plants, they can be collected and transplanted into suitable soil.

The "viviparous" species include: Dergemona, pinnate and tube-flowered Kalanchoe.

Offspring

For the formation of offspring in Kalanchoe Blossfeld, it is stimulated in a special way. After the end of flowering, pinch the top of the plant. After 1.5-2 months, an offspring will grow next to the mother plant, which is suitable for reproduction.

It is transplanted when the sprout gets stronger and is as tall as one third of the mother plant. For this:

  • the offspring is carefully separated so as not to damage the root system;
  • the sprout is placed in sandy-peat soil, drainage is necessarily lined at the bottom of the pot;
  • the seedling is watered and placed on a well-lit windowsill, away from direct sunlight.

Axillary kidneys

Some species (for example, paniculate-flowered Kalanchoe), after flowering, shed not only the flower, but old leaves. Just above the axil of a fallen leaf, a small bud is formed that looks like a tiny head of cabbage. A new plant can be grown from it. For this you need:

  • wait for the formation of a trunk of 1-2 cm;
  • cut it off by treating the cut site with activated carbon;
  • plant in a new pot with succulent soil, to which sand has been added;
  • water the seedling with settled water at room temperature and put the pot in a well-lit place without direct sunlight.

Diseases and pests

Diseases and insects cause significant damage to the plant and can lead to its death, therefore it is important to respond in a timely manner to the first symptoms and take measures to combat the dangerous problem.

Bacterial diseases

Diseases are caused by the consequences of inadequate care, as a result of which the immune system is weakened and cannot fully resist harmful bacteria. Kalanchoe requires additional lighting in winter, fresh air, high-quality irrigation and mineral fertilizers. But you should not go to extremes either - the leaves get sunburn from prolonged exposure to the sun, and the root system rots from excessive watering. Any disease has a cause and its identification and timely measures can save the plant from death.

Below is a list of the most common diseases.

Late blight

Dangerous not only for garden representatives, but also for indoor inhabitants. The reason is improper care (stagnant water at the roots, frequent watering or a dense crust on the ground) or rainwater. They fight this disease in a comprehensive manner, preventing the spread of microorganisms and the death of the root system.

Of signs notice brown spots on the leaves, which gradually increase in size and turn black. The bacteria go down to the roots, and eventually infect them, depriving the plant of access to nutrients. Parts of the plant soften and begin to rot.

The damaged sheets are removed, and the cut is treated with activated carbon. The plant is transplanted into new soil (the roots are thoroughly cleaned of old soil). Before planting in a new pot, Kalanchoe is sprayed with a solution (1.5 g of potassium permanganate per 5 liters of boiled water) or purchased fungicides (for example, "Fitosporin").

Powdery mildew

The appearance of a white bloom on the leaf plate indicates the defeat of the plant with powdery mildew. It develops in poorly ventilated humid rooms, with temperatures above +21 degrees and a large number of plants.

With a decrease in humidity and temperature, the mycelium dies, leaving behind diseased leaves with spots of dead tissue. Gradually, they dry out completely, curl and crumble, and the Kalanchoe blooms with deformed inflorescences or does not bloom at all.

IMPORTANT! Powdery mildew can easily jump onto other plants, so try to avoid splashing when watering. The diseased plant should stand apart from the other inhabitants of the room.

Prevention of moisture stagnation helps to avoid the appearance of white deposits. Therefore, the Kalanchoe is watered at the root, preferably through a pallet. The flower should not grow in close quarters among other plants, and the room is regularly ventilated. Powdery mildew is treated by spraying the "patient" with fungicides 3 times a day for a week. Or they use biological products: Biosept (0.1 ml of substance per glass of water), Bioczos (5 ml per glass).

Gray rot

The fungus Botrytis cinerea becomes the causative agent of gray rot. It attacks plants that are weakened by transplanting or are not getting enough nutrients. Symptoms the appearance of watery brown spots at the base of the stem and the formation of gray plaque on the leaves become. The plaque is like dust that has been swept into tiny heaps. Gradually, the upper stems die off along with the leaves.

The fungus multiplies quickly in a humid environment, therefore, when watering Kalanchoe, avoid getting water on the leaves and stems. When the plant drops the lower leaves, they are promptly removed, since rotting residues feed the mushroom spores. In winter, the flower is watered in the morning so that the soil has time to dry out in a day.

Eliminate gray rot with two sprays every 10 days. Use Teldor, Miedzian 50 WP, Biosept preparations following the instructions.

Stem rot

This disease develops as a result of frostbite, when in the winter season the temperature drops below + 12 ... + 10 degrees. The main trunk and lateral shoots turn black, the leaves wither and crumble. A diseased plant can no longer be saved, therefore, compliance with the temperature regime is an effective measure for preventing the development of stem rot.

In cold periods, watering must be reduced so that non-evaporating moisture does not provoke stem rot.

Annular leaf spot

It manifests itself in the form of round spots up to 3 mm in diameter, the color of which changes from yellow to brown. The disease develops for a long time, but eventually affects the leaf plates through and through, which leads to their shedding. The reason consider favorable conditions for the development of the fungus - high humidity of air and soil. Therefore, the first steps to treat a diseased plant are to move the pot to a room with good air circulation and a two-stage spraying of the flower with biological products.

Pests

Due to the content of tannins in the Kalanchoe juice, pests rarely annoy the plant, but there are still special connoisseurs.

Multi-claw mites

The sap of the plant is sucked from the back of the leaves, enveloping them with cobwebs. They occur in dry air and high temperatures. The leaves of the affected flower turn yellow, become hard and curl.

Various insecticides (Fitoverm, Akarin) are effective pest control agents.

Shield

This pest got its name for the shield that covers its oblong body. Males move freely around the plant, and females cover eggs with themselves, as if incubating them. A sign lesions become the formation of plaque on the leaves and stems, and the insects themselves are visible to the human eye due to their large size.

Because of this pest, the Kalanchoe withers, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, the flower's growth slows down and it stops throwing out peduncles. Plants weakened by improper care or transplantation into open ground are attacked. The scale insect carries a sooty fungus on itself, which will destroy the plant weakened by insects.

The pest does not tolerate water, so the best way to deal with it is by spraying. Before this, adults are moistened with alcohol so that they are easier to separate from the leaf. After that, the Kalanchoe is sprayed with soapy water or general-purpose insecticides to fight insects.

Aphid

A frequent visitor on a flower, either from the street or from other plants in the room or on the site. Localized on the lower part of the leaf, looks like small black or green moving dots. It feeds on plant sap and injects a substance into the leaves that closes the pores of the Kalanchoe, preventing it from breathing.

ATTENTION! Inspect the plant regularly for yellowing or damaged foliage. This will allow you to respond in a timely manner to the appearance of pests.

When fighting aphids, all affected leaves are removed along with the colonies. Then the remaining parts of the plant are treated with insecticides (once a week for a month). If the plant is strongly weakened, then a more gentle method is used in the form of potassium soap (20 g is diluted in a liter of boiled water). The flower is washed with a solution, having previously covered the soil with a film. Laundry soap is also suitable, but several procedures are required at intervals of 5-7 days.

Mealybug

This small insect deprives the plant of juice and spreads black mold, so at the first sign, you need to take measures to get rid of the pest, otherwise the plant will die.

Symptom mealy worm becomes a whitish waxy coating on the leaves and stem. The reason is contaminated soil. Severely affected areas are removed, and the plant is sprayed with mineral oil, which is sold in stores.

IMPORTANT! To avoid the appearance of a mealy worm, and any other pest, add a handful of wood ash to the purchased or self-prepared soil or spill it with boiling water to destroy the larvae.

Symptoms

Brown spots

The plant is sick with late blight, adjustment of watering, removal of affected areas and treatment with drugs is required.

White bloom

Powdery mildew affection. A stagnation of moisture formed at the roots, which weakened the plant. Treat the flower with fungicides and water it as the soil dries out through the pan.

Round small spots

The plant suffers from annular spotting. The above describes how to deal with this disease.

Leaves turn yellow and fall

Rot, pests, or lack of watering may be the cause. If, after flowering, the peduncle was not cut off, then the plant does not have enough strength to develop.

Leaves curl

Lack of moisture or light. Adjust the care of the flower and examine it for disease or pests in order to apply biological products in time.

The plant withers

Sign of a lack of moisture or damage to the root system by pests or rot. Examine the diseased flower for signs of insect or bacterial activity and treat it with special preparations if necessary.

Black spots

These are either traces of mealybug activity, or signs of stem rot damage (if the spots are located at the bottom, at the roots). Treat with drugs by quarantining the plant.

Grows up and does not bloom

Remember that it is in the winter time that the future peduncle is laid. Therefore, it is important to observe the temperature regime for the cold period, and in the fall, apply mineral fertilizers to help form the buds.

Small leaves

Kalanchoe lacks light and nutrients, it requires feeding with organic fertilizers and prolonging daylight hours with a lamp.

Gnawed leaves

A clear sign of an insect infestation. Treat the flower with insecticides.

Where and how can you buy?

Kalanchoe planting material is bought in markets and in specialized stores, through announcements on forums and in thematic communities of social networks. Sold as seeds or cuttings, and already an adult plant. At the time of purchase, carefully inspect the plant or seedling for mechanical damage or disease. A healthy flower has green foliage, no bloom or spots, leaf plates are dense, elastic.

Similar plants

Kalanchoe is often confused with the Fat Woman, the closest relative. It also has fleshy leaves and a thick stem.

Varieties with jagged leaves, especially during dormancy, can be confused with "mother-in-law" or a subspecies of aloe.

Kalanchoe is a beautiful and useful plant that is easy to care for. By following these simple growing rules, you will achieve regular flowering and long life for this indoor plant. In the summer, it can be planted in a flower bed, which will strengthen the flower's immunity and make it stronger and healthier.


Watch the video: How to get Maximum Blooms in Kalanchoe. Secret Fertilizer for Kalanchoe Flowering (February 2023).