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Marigolds are a genus of annual and perennial herbaceous plants. It was described by Karl Linneus in 1753. The genus is native to the Americas, but some species have naturalized around the world. One species, Tagetes minuta, is considered a harmful invasive plant. The inflorescences grow in gold, orange, yellow, and white flowers. Depending on the species, they grow well in almost any soil.
The chemical composition, medicinal qualities of the chernobrivts
Marigolds are widely cultivated and are easily grown in sunny locations. The plant is considered by many horticulturists to be one of the simplest and most versatile flowers to grow in the garden. Most marigolds are annuals. And although they are hardy, marigolds are not frost-resistant.
Indeed, marigolds can be widely used for a variety of purposes. In their historical homeland, they are widely used as a spicy-aromatic herb - just like parsley in our latitudes.
Leaves and stems are used, but flowers, especially petals, are of particular value. It is not for nothing that marigolds are also called Imeretian saffron - without it it is impossible to imagine Georgian cuisine (what are the differences between saffron and marigold, we told here). Dried petals are used as a seasoning, as a natural dye and flavoring agent - in the production of alcohol, confectionery, baked goods, and cheeses. Whole flowers can be used to decorate main dishes and salads, use them when preserving fruits and vegetables.
Marigold petals and pollen contain triterpene esters and carotenoids flavoxanthin and auroxanthin (antioxidants and a source of yellow-orange coloration). Leaves and stems contain other carotenoids, mainly lutein (80%), zeaxanthin (5%) and beta-carotene. Plant extracts are also widely used in cosmetology, presumably due to the presence of compounds such as saponins, resins and essential oils.
Marigold flowers contain flavonol glycosides, triterpene oligoglycosides, oleanan type triterpene glycosides, saponins and sesquiterpene glucoside. Marigold flowers are a rich source of lutein containing 29.8 mg / 100g. Despite its pleasant aroma, the plant is not popular in aromatherapy..
Leaf paste is used externally to treat boils, carbuncles and ear pains. The broth is used to treat colds and mumps. It is used externally for skin diseases, conjunctivitis and eye inflammation. Blackhair root is used as a laxative medicine.
In the herb of marigolds were also found:
- minerals (Se, Fe, P, Mg, K, Au, Zn);
- vitamins (A, E, C, B9, P);
- calendar acid;
- linoleic acid;
- triterpene saponins such as triterpenoids;
- oleanolic acid glycosides.
Do not apply infusions directly to open wounds without a doctor's instructions, as this may cause irritation. Start with a very small amount on the skin to test the response, and then increase the dose slowly.
More information about the use of marigolds in folk medicine, cooking and cosmetology can be found here.
Further on the photo you can see black shaves, these medicinal plants, used for a long time in the recipes of traditional medicine for the treatment of certain diseases.
You can see more photos of different varieties and types of marigolds in a separate article.
What are the benefits for overall health?
The benefits of flowers are manifested in the fact that they are anthelmintic, aromatic, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogic, sedative and stomachic. Topically used to treat ulcers, ulcers, eczema. They are curative for vision, relieve eye pain and rheumatism.
- Soothes Inflammation... This is one of the most famous properties of the plant. The plant's usefulness lies in the fact that it can calm irritation and inflammation in the neurotic, excretory, nervous and digestive systems, as well as panic, anger, depression, stress, anxiety, suffering, seizures and other psychological and emotional overreactions.
- Reduces eye inflammation and conjunctivitis... Infusions of the plant have also been used as a flush to help soothe and cool stressed eyes. Marigolds are also widely used to prevent conjunctivitis.
- Scares away insects... The plant's essential oil is deadly to insects and can kill them. The smell repels parasitic insects - lice, bedbugs, fleas and mosquitoes. In addition, the most common household insects such as termites, white ants and cockroaches are sensitive to the constituents of the oil.
- Fights free radicals... As a plant that is very rich in antioxidants, marigold can help the body fight free radicals that cause early symptoms of aging and disease, moreover, this flower also acts as an anti-carcinogen.
- Acts as a disinfectant... Marigold essential oil has antibiotic, antiparasitic and antimicrobial properties that are very effective in disinfecting the body. When applied externally or internally, it can cure infections in the body. If oil is included in sprays, vaporizers, and fumigants, it is possible to disinfect all areas within reach.
It can also protect against airborne diseases such as smallpox, measles, mumps, and the common cold.
- Relieves cramping... It is a natural relaxant, which means that the plant can relieve any type of spasm in the body, can provide relief from cramps, diarrhea and spasmodic cough.
- Suppresses biotic growth... Marigold essential oil is an antibiotic.
- Prevents sepsis... Marigold essential oil is deadly for Staphylococcus aureus.
- Helps Reduce Hemorrhoid Pain... Because herbal treatments can promote tissue healing and reduce swelling, many find that applying them topically to the anus or genitals can help reduce symptoms of hemorrhoids or anal tears (also called anal fissures).
- Warts... Marigold flowers help in the healing of warts, corns.
- Oily skin... Marigold infusion helps to get rid of blemishes and acne in people with oily skin.
It is believed that the ability of marigolds to help heal wounds is due to the stimulation of the production of epithelial cells, mainly as a result of the presence of glycoproteins and nucleoproteins.
What effect do women have: use and contraindications
- Loaded with antioxidants and other health-promoting ingredients, herbal teas boost energy, help fight free radicals, and promote feelings of calm and tranquility.
- Women use the plant as a menstrual stimulant and for mastitis.
- In addition, the plant is used as an ointment by women who suffer from breast cancer to minimize the dermatitis that chemotherapy usually causes.
- When taken orally, the broth reduces the risk of miscarriage during pregnancy. But, before use, you need to consult with your doctor.
- Marigold contains ingredients that can help reduce swelling (inflammation) and spasms, calm nerves, and lower blood pressure.
- Also, many people make baths with marigold, since the plant is effective in treating vaginal infections, bladder infections, healing of stitches after childbirth, and hemorrhoids.
- May increase the risk of bleeding.
- Some people may have allergies.
- Drowsiness may occur.
- If you have sensitive skin, avoid contact with the juice as it can cause dermatitis.
- Not recommended for pregnant and lactating women.
Could there be an allergy from them, is other harm possible?
In addition to the undoubted benefits, black shaves can also harm health, so you should be careful when using decoctions and teas from these flowers. You should avoid the plant if you are allergic to ragweed, chamomile, chrysanthemum, echinacea, and other plants in the same family. It is possible that you are allergic to the constituent of marigold, in which case you need to consult a specialist. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include:
- breathing problems.
Marigolds contain many powerful antioxidants and anti-inflammatory mixtures that are effective against infections, tumors, improve blood circulation, reduce spasms due to the content of flavonoids, polysaccharides, linoleic acid, carotenoids and triterpenes.
We offer you to watch a video about the use of marigolds in traditional medicine: