Fruit and Vegetables



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Question: strawberries

hello dear expert. I write from the province of Lecce and I own a land of about two hectares and it is very good given the climate here and the type of land. but can I plant strawberry plants normally? without greenhouse and without cloth? What is the towel really for? I would have black plastic used to plant watermelons. in case I can use that? if I had to make a small greenhouse would it be better? thank you and greetings

Answer: strawberries

Dear Biagio,
in the family garden, strawberries are often grown simply in the ground, without mulching cloth.
Generally it is preferable to place a dark and sturdy cloth, the one that is also used for other plants in the garden, simply because in this way it is simpler to avoid that so many weeds develop around the plants, which surely deprive the soil of water and Minerals, stealing them from strawberry plants.
So the mulching sheet is not a fundamental condition for the cultivation of strawberries, but only a method to facilitate the task of treating them and cultivating them to the fullest.
In the area where you live the summer climate is warm, and the winters are quite mild, so your strawberries will produce fruit in spring, without any type of protection, and they will go into vegetative rest in summer, when the climate becomes very hot and dry.
Strawberry cultivation is quite simple, and among the berries are those that are most successful; they are planted in a semi-shaded flowerbed, to try to have a longer harvest period, but only in the case of the re-flowering varieties; if instead we decided to plant a single flowering variety, usually from the largest fruit, we can place the seedlings in a sunnier area, remembering however that excessive summer sun can cause total desiccation of the plants, especially if they are recently resides.
Usually strawberry plants tend to produce large fruits for a few years, as over time they produce long stolons, at the end of which a new plant develops: within 2-3 years the strawberry plot becomes over-crowded , and consequently the fruits become more numerous, but of more modest dimensions.
For this reason periodically the young plants that developed at the end of the stolons come off and are transplanted into a new flowerbed, which will become our production area the following year, while the now old one will be dismantled.
This method of cultivation allows us to have big and juicy fruits from year to year, without having to buy new plants.
If wild strawberries are planted, often instead of changing beds, in autumn the flower beds simply thin out, letting the plants over the years almost become wild.
Strawberries generally have their peak of development in spring, when the climate is generally humid and cool, so they do not need great care. But if the climate is drought when they bloom and when they are full of fruit, it is necessary to water them frequently, on pain of complete loss of the harvest.