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How to plant Jerusalem artichoke in spring and how best to do it?

How to plant Jerusalem artichoke in spring and how best to do it?


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Jerusalem artichoke is a plant with unique characteristics. Its tubers have an ideal balance of micro and macro elements. The use of Jerusalem artichoke in food promotes the absorption of selenium, has a beneficial effect on the cholesterol content in the human body. The chemical composition of the plant is quite different from other vegetables.

You can list for a long time all its positive qualities, thanks to which gardeners acquire this plant. Planting and leaving doesn't pose much of a problem either.

Features of the procedure

  • It is planted with tubers in exactly the same way as potatoes.
  • Adapts to any soil.
  • Autumn is considered the ideal time for planting in the southern regions, spring in the northern regions.

Next to what and after what to plant?

Fruit trees are considered the best neighbors for Jerusalem artichoke.... This plant can be planted after any horticultural crops, the main thing is that the soil is sufficiently loose and drained.

How to choose the right tubers and seeds?

Whichever method is chosen for planting, it must be borne in mind that the planting material must be healthy, free from diseases and pests:

  • various kinds of root rot;
  • nematodes;
  • aphids.

Tubers should be chosen even, not large. The ideal size for planting tubers is about the size of a hen's egg. If the tuber is large, it can be cut into several pieces. The only condition is that each part must have at least three eyes. Slices must be treated with charcoal.

The difference in growing in the country and at home

Jerusalem artichoke can be grown at home from seeds or eyes... But the plant is then necessarily planted in the summer cottage. The seed planting method is very difficult. It is used mainly by experienced breeders, as it requires certain skills.

At home, Jerusalem artichoke is planted in shallow containers. The care of the planted material is the same for both outdoor planting and home planting.

Read more about the rules of growing and planting here.

How can you plant an earthen pear?

  • Seedling... It allows you to increase the growing season of the plant by almost a month, that is, in this way you can get a harvest much earlier. In a nursery, the plant is easier to protect from pests. This method is most often used in large-scale production. It will be irreplaceable for a temperate climate.
  • Seedless... This method takes much less time and effort. There is no need for him to build a greenhouse or other shelter structure. The disadvantage is that the seedless method does not guarantee timely and friendly seedlings.
  • Seminal... Quite a difficult way for amateur gardeners. It is more suitable for breeders to obtain new species.
  • Tubers... Basically, Jerusalem artichoke is planted by this method. No special conditions are required for it, the plant takes root very quickly and without much hassle.

Step-by-step instruction

Jerusalem artichoke is distinguished by its great strength of growth. Refers to unpretentious plants. Due to these qualities, it quickly displaces local species. It forms shoots that penetrate the territory of neighboring plants, where it grows tubers. Within a year, powerful shoots grow out of them, which are shaded by the flowers growing nearby. After a while, the invader subjugates the entire territory, and the local plants have no choice but to give up their place.

Time

You can plant a culture both in spring and in autumn.... Jerusalem artichoke is planted from the end of April, it is possible in early May in the northern regions of the Russian Federation. In autumn - in the southern regions of the Russian Federation.

Soil preparation in autumn and spring

For planting Jerusalem artichoke, sufficiently fertilized light loams are best suited. The pH value must be between 6.0-7.5.

Before planting Jerusalem artichoke, it is very important to properly prepare the soil. Preparation begins in the fall, consists in fertilizing the soil with compost or manure.

The main processing starts at the time of planting, therefore digging up the ground too hard where it is planned to plant the crop in the spring is not necessary... You can leave large clods of soil for the winter.

Material preparation

Experienced gardeners recommend soaking Jerusalem artichoke in Zircon solution before planting. This helps the tubers to move more actively and take root faster.

Seat selection

Jerusalem artichoke is grown in production as an annual crop... The plant forms a large biomass, therefore, for its cultivation, you should choose a fertile area with loose soil. Jerusalem artichoke is a light-loving plant, so it should be grown in a well-lit place or with little shade.

Important! It is better to plant Jerusalem artichoke along the hedge, since even thorough cleaning of Jerusalem artichoke in the ground cannot guarantee its complete eradication.

Growing scheme

You need to plant Jerusalem artichoke in rows, keeping a distance of 60–80 cm between them. In a row, the distance between plants should be equal to 30–40 cm. Despite the fact that Jerusalem artichoke is able to displace any weeds, at the first stages of cultivation it is necessary to clear the soil of green aggressors. The growth of wheatgrass and sow thistle should not be allowed.

Seeds

The seeds are planted in containers. The soil should be loose and absorb moisture well. Water stagnation should not be allowed. Seeds are planted in the soil to a depth of about 7 cm. The soil must be watered first.

It is advisable to organize a greenhouse by covering the container with a lid or film. Put Jerusalem artichoke in a warm, bright place. This method takes more time and effort, since later in the spring, the emerging seedlings will have to be planted.

Tubers

It is very important to know at what depth to plant the tubers of the plant. The future harvest depends on this. Usually Jerusalem artichoke is grown in special trenches, the depth of which is no more than 15 cm. Planted tubers should be sealed with a rake with a small comb, so as not to accidentally damage the tuber.

In the first weeks after planting, the soil must be loosenedthis will help create optimal aeration. Seedlings will appear in about 2-3 weeks. As soon as they reach 40-50 cm in height, you should start hilling them. By the time you reach 80–100 cm, Jerusalem artichoke needs to be tied up.

Possible problems and difficulties

Planting Jerusalem artichoke is not a difficult task, since this perennial plant is unpretentious and can take root in any conditions. The only thing that Jerusalem artichoke does not like is waterlogging of the soil. The plant may begin to wilt, slugs and snails will appear, which will eat the leaves that have appeared.

Gardeners for personal purposes grow off-grade Jerusalem artichoke with white skin... A maximum of 2 kg of tubers can be obtained from one such plant. If there is such an opportunity, it is better to purchase varietal Jerusalem artichoke, which gives a high yield (you can learn more about the types and varieties of Jerusalem artichoke, as well as see a photo of the vegetable here).

We offer you to watch a video on how Jerusalem artichoke is planted:


Watch the video: How to Plant and Grow Jerusalem Artichokes - Sunchokes (October 2022).