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Radish is a very healthy vegetable that can be grown almost all year round. Experienced gardeners get a good harvest by growing root crops in greenhouses.
This does not require special skills, but at any time of the year it will allow you to receive vitamins. This vegetable is rich in vitamins, like the radish grown in the open field.
The distinctive features of the growth of radish in a greenhouse, as well as how exactly to grow this useful vegetable in such conditions, will be discussed in the article.
Difference in terms of growth in open and closed ground
Currently, a huge number of varieties of radish are presented... All of them differ from each other by the ripening rate and taste. A feature of growing a vegetable in a greenhouse is that it grows a little slower than in open ground. With this in mind, many gardeners choose to sow the earliest varieties.
What factors affect the growth of a root crop in greenhouses?
The growth and ripening rates of radishes are such that they can be harvested four times per season. Of course, the conditions in which the root crop is grown play an important role in this enterprise.
So, in a warmed or heated greenhouse, the plant will feel much better, due to this, its growth and maturation will accelerate. Sowing seeds in cold ground in an unheated greenhouse will cause the vegetable to grow very slowly and take a long time to form fruit.
Experienced gardeners prefer to grow radishes in polycarbonate greenhouses. In conditions of high humidity and the required temperature, seedlings appear on the third day.
The second most important radish cultivar is its variety. There are early ripening, mid-ripening and late varieties.... The early ones include:
- French breakfast;
- Early red;
- Vikhovsky white;
- Red giant.
How quickly a radish can yield a harvest is also influenced by the sowing time. Fruit growth rate is also related to the season. In winter, radish growth will be slower than in spring. The difference in the ripening of vegetables in different periods is from 5 to 7 days.
Important... Seeds sown in early spring will not be able to sprout together if they do not use soil heating and lighting.
What day does the vegetable rise on?
Having set a goal to grow a winter harvest of radish in your greenhouse, you need to remember that the seeds will sprout only 6 - 8 days after sowing. To do this, you must strictly follow all the rules of growing:
- maintain the required humidity;
- the length of daylight hours.
Radish is a short day vegetable. Unnecessary arrow formation may occur under continuous illumination.
Radish seeds of autumn sowing sprout at the same time as winter, that is, 6 - 8 days after planting.
If we talk about seeds that were sown in spring or summer, they sprout a little faster, and the first shoots will appear in 5-6 days.
When does the root crop ripen?
The greater the mass of the root crop, the faster it ripens.
The ripening time of radish depends on the variety.... But on average, it was found out that in winter and autumn in greenhouse conditions it will not be possible to grow a vegetable in 3 - 4 weeks, as the manufacturer of early ripening varieties promises. At this time of the year, the fruits ripen more slowly - about 5 to 6 weeks.
Spring and summer crops will be harvested much faster. Despite the fact that radish grows a little more slowly under greenhouse conditions, early ripening varieties can be used for food after 4 weeks.
Can the ripening process be accelerated?
It will not be possible to directly accelerate the ripening process... You can only contribute to good growth and, as a result, accelerated ripening of fruits.
In order to get the desired roots as early as possible, experienced gardeners advise:
- Plant prepared, that is, germinated seeds in the ground.
- The soil for planting must be loose. This also affects the rate of ripening, since the fruit must breathe.
- When growing, you can use mineral fertilizers, which are abundantly presented on store shelves.
- Top dressing should not be done in large quantities, since an intensive growth of green mass can be caused, which will adversely affect the condition of the fetus.
Important... When growing radishes, it is not recommended to use manure and nitrogen-containing fertilizers, as they slow down the growth of the plant.
- The rate of maturation is also influenced by lighting. Although radishes grow and form best with short daylight hours, lighting should be good, albeit for a short period of time.
In order to grow a good crop in a greenhouse, you must follow all the rules for growing radishes. It is best to use a heated greenhouse that can be ventilated if necessary. Sowing in prepared loose nutrient soil.
Timely watering is very important.because the juicy roots of radish cannot fully form without sufficient moisture.
So, with a little knowledge and effort, you can have fresh healthy vegetables grown with your own hands on your table all year round.