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Terms and features of pepper and eggplant picking: how to prepare plants and care for them after the procedure

Terms and features of pepper and eggplant picking: how to prepare plants and care for them after the procedure


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The classic method of growing seedlings of peppers and eggplants involves a mandatory pick.

It ensures the good development of young plants and prepares them for transplanting to their permanent place of residence: in a greenhouse or in open ground under a film.

In order for the picking of pepper and eggplant to go without problems, it is important to choose the right time and act very carefully, trying not to damage the fragile sprouts.

Features of cultures

Sweet peppers and eggplants - crops, especially demanding to care... These plants have a very fragile and sensitive root system that does not respond well to transplantation. Therefore, the procedure for moving seedlings from a common container to separate pots must be carried out very carefully, trying not to injure the sprouts.

You cannot leave seedlings in a common container for a long time. Young plants lack nutrients, and the roots of seedlings, growing up, are intertwined with each other.

Do I need to dive peppers and eggplants? Some gardeners prefer not to dive plants, sowing seeds in separate pots or peat tablets.

Such method suitable for seeds with excellent germination, but still does not exclude the appearance of weak shoots, unsuitable for further cultivation. Read more on preparing pepper and eggplant seeds before planting.

Classic picking helps to choose the strongest and most promising seedlings, which in the future will develop into full-fledged plants and bring a bountiful harvest.

When to pick?

Transplantation of young shoots is carried out in the phase of formation of the first true leaves... Some prefer picking peppers and eggplant seedlings after the first leaf has fully unfolded, others wait until 2 or 3 appear.

At this age, the seedlings are fragile, but already have a sufficient supply of vitality to help them survive the transplant without problems.

Late pick is dangerous: developed roots are easier to damage, such a plant does not take root well and may die.

The optimal period for picking is 15-20 days after sowing the seeds.... It is worth focusing on the appearance of seedlings, many gardeners make a pick of pepper and eggplant according to the lunar calendar. For this, the ideal days are when the Moon is under the influence of Virgo.

This sign has a positive effect on the growth of seedlings. To increase yields, you can pick under the sign of Cancer, Capricorn, Taurus or Pisces. In 2016, the most favorable days for picking eggplants and peppers were February 24, 27, 28 and 29, periods from 1 to 5 and from 26 to 31 March, from 1 to 5 and from 25 to 29 April.

It is worth considering not only the dates, but also the time of day, it is also indicated in the lunar calendar.

Preparing for the transplant process

To make the pick painless, it is important to follow the instructions exactly. First, the soil is prepared.

The ideal option is a mixture of peat or humus with garden soil in equal proportions. Ash or complex mineral fertilizers are added to the soil: superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, potassium chloride.

For transplanting, you need small pots with a volume of no more than 150-200 ml. Moisture stagnates in large containers, causing soil acidification and root rot.

For picking peppers and eggplants, it is better to use plastic pots, from which the grown seedlings are transplanted by the transfer method. Eggplants should not be planted in peat containers., their weak roots will not be able to penetrate the walls, which will slow down the development of plants after transplanting. In the bottom of the pots, you need to make holes for drainage.

Some people prefer to dive 2 pepper seedlings into one pot. This technique has a positive effect on plant productivity and is good for especially compact bushes. If you are planning a pair picking, you should choose a more capacious pot (at least 300 ml).

TIP! It is better to plant eggplants one at a time.

How to dive peppers and eggplants correctly?

A day or several hours before transplanting, seedlings in a container need water wellso that the seedlings are easier to remove from the ground. Each plant is dug up just before transplanting with a narrow, small spatula.

If you don't have a spatula, you can use a wooden peg or spoon. The sprout is gently pry on and taken out together with a lump of soil. You can't pull the leaves, they come off very easily.

The prepared substrate is poured into containers and crushed. In the center a hole is made with a depth of 2-3 cm... The roots of young seedlings should fit freely. Pinching the roots is not recommended... Pinching is indicated only for overgrown seedlings, the rapid development of which must be slightly slowed down.

The sprouts are planted shallowly; excessive burial can cause stem rot. Freshly planted seedlings are sprinkled with a layer of peat.

To make the roots as comfortable as possible, after planting, you can gently pull on the stem. The soil around the seedling is lightly compacted. If it settles, you can add some more peat.

Plant care after picking

After picking, the pots are tightly set into a deep tray. The best place for plants is the sill of the south or southeast window... Young seedlings need bright diffused light, while it is better to avoid direct rays on the leaves. Immediately after the dive, the plants are not watered; if necessary, you can only slightly spray the soil.

The temperature in the room should not be too high. The optimal mode is 20-24 degrees during the day and 18-20 at night.

Peppers and eggplants love fresh air, so the room needs to be ventilated often... If the seedlings are weak, it is worth placing them in a mini-greenhouse for early growth.

After 4-5 days, it is recommended to conduct the first watering with warm boiled water. Plants are watered very carefully using a spoon or small watering can... After 10 days, the established seedlings are fed with an aqueous solution of mineral fertilizers, ash water or nettle infusion. Top dressing is repeated after 2 weeks. Read more about watering modes for peppers and eggplants.

Correctly dived seedlings look healthy, strong, viable. The leaves of plants do not droop, the stems do not stretch, the color of the greenery is bright and rich. If young shoots are withering and stunted, it is worth revising the scheme of caring for them.

Young plants may lack sunlight, nutrients, or moisture.

After picking, the seedlings grow for another 80-85 days, and then they can be transplanted into a greenhouse or into the ground.

We hope our article has answered the question is it necessary to dive eggplants and peppers?

Useful materials

Read other articles on pepper seedlings:

  • Correct cultivation from seeds and should they be soaked before sowing?
  • How to grow black peppercorns, chili, bitter or sweet at home?
  • What are growth stimulants and how to use them?
  • The main reasons why the leaves of the shoots curl, the seedlings fall or stretch, and also why the shoots die?
  • Planting dates in the regions of Russia and the peculiarities of cultivation in the Urals, Siberia and the Moscow region.
  • Learn recipes for yeast-based fertilizers.
  • Learn the rules for planting bell and hot peppers, as well as how to dive sweet?

And also articles about eggplant seedlings:

  • How to properly prepare seeds for planting?
  • All the reasons for the appearance of white spots on the leaves, and also why they can curl?
  • The main pests and how to get rid of them?

What is the difference between picking peppers and eggplants:


Watch the video: Seeds Have Germinated: Now What? How to Care for Seedlings. Seed Starting Part 2 (October 2022).