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Over the long years of its existence, the early-ripening Siberian tomato variety was able to establish itself quite well among gardeners.
Breeders of the Russian Federation bred it in 1959. Tomato variety Siberian early ripening was obtained by crossing varieties of Hybrid 114 with Hybrid 534/1, after which individual selection was carried out.
You will find a full description of the variety, its characteristics and cultivation features in the article below.
Siberian early ripening tomato: variety description
|Variety name||Siberian early maturing|
|general description||Early maturing determinant variety|
|Ripening period||115-130 days|
|The form||Flat round, slightly ribbed|
|Average weight of tomatoes||60-110 grams|
|Variety yield||9-10 kgs sq.m|
|Growing features||Standard agricultural technology|
|Disease resistance||Prophylaxis against certain diseases is required|
By the type of growth of the bush, this species belongs to the determinant varieties of tomatoes. The height of its bushes can range from thirty to ninety-four centimeters. The stem is characterized by strong foliage. The leaves are medium in size and green to dark green in color. The stem does not form.
Siberian early ripening is usually referred to as early ripening varieties, since from the appearance of the first shoots to the ripening of fruits, it takes from one hundred and fifteen to one hundred and thirty days. It is resistant to brown spot and tobacco mosaic virus, and is moderately resistant to other diseases. Tomatoes of this variety can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field.
The main advantages of the Siberian early ripening tomato variety can be called:
- Good yield;
- Cold resistance;
- The versatility of the fruit in use;
- Long fruiting period;
- Resistance to certain diseases.
Vegetable growers call the disadvantages of "Siberian early ripening":
- Moral obsolescence.
- Failure to compete with modern hybrid varieties in many ways.
As you can see, these disadvantages are very subjective.
- The weight of tomatoes of this variety of tomatoes ranges from sixty to one hundred and ten grams.
- They have a flat-rounded or round slightly ribbed shape and a bright red color.
- The number of chambers in one tomato can vary from five to twelve
- The dry matter content in it is at the level of 7%.
- The fruits are characterized by a traditional tomato flavor and pleasant aroma.
- They tolerate transportation well.
You can compare the weight indicators of different varieties in the table below:
|Variety name||Fruit weight|
|Siberian early maturing||60-110 grams|
|Garden pearl||15-20 grams|
|Domes of Siberia||200-250 grams|
|Blagovest f1||110-150 grams|
|Octopus f1||150 grams|
You can store the harvested tomatoes in boxes, laying them in dense rows so that their stalks are on top. Tomatoes selected for storage must not be wet! The box must be closed with a lid with light pressure. In such conditions, the fruits can be stored for up to two months.
By the way of consumption, this type of tomato is considered universal.... It is consumed raw and also used to make juices, purees, pastes and sauces. These tomatoes are also suitable for pickling. When grown in a greenhouse, from each bush of tomatoes of this variety, from one to one and a half kilograms of fruits are usually harvested, and the average yield is nine to ten kilograms of fruits from one square meter of planting.
When grown in open ground, from one bush is harvested from five hundred to six hundred grams of fruits, and from one square meter of planting - from six to seven kilograms of fruits.
You can compare the yield of the variety in the table below:
|Siberian early maturing||9-10 sq.m|
|Lazy||15 kg per square meter|
|Rocket||6.5 kg per square meter|
|Summer resident||4 kg per bush|
|Premier||6-9 kg per square meter|
|Doll||8-9 kg per square meter|
|Stolypin||8-9 kg per square meter|
|Broody||10-11 kg per square meter|
|Black bunch||6 kg per bush|
|Fat jack||5-6 kg per bush|
|Buyan||9 kg per bush|
Next, you will see photos of the Siberian early ripening tomato variety:
Care and cultivation
The early Siberian tomato is suitable for growing in all regions of Russia, except for the Volga region, the Central Black Earth Region and the North Caucasian District. The main feature of this time-tested tomato variety is the simultaneous ripening of the fruits.
IMPORTANT: Larger fruits of this variety can be obtained when grown outdoors.
Tomatoes of this variety almost never crack. When grown in greenhouses, pre-hardened and treated seeds should be planted in late March or early April. The planting depth of seeds should be at least one centimeter. All further care consists in regular watering and feeding. When at least two leaves appear on the seedlings, they dive.
In a greenhouse, bushes usually grow up to sixty to ninety centimeters in height, so they need a garter to a vertical support. In open ground, seedlings are planted in late May or early June. Plants will feel best in light, slightly acidic soil, which will be slightly moistened.
RECOMMENDATION: When planting, add ten grams of superphosphate to each well.
The distance between the bushes should be at least fifty centimeters, and the distance between the rows can vary from twenty-five to thirty-five centimeters. Plants must be formed into three stems. Caring for tomatoes consists in maintaining a low humidity of the atmosphere, watering with warm water after sunset, regularly applying fertilizers and loosening the soil.
Diseases and pests
Siberian early ripening tomato is not very susceptible to diseases of tomatoes in greenhouses, and it shows high resistance to tobacco mosaic virus and brown spot. However, when growing it, you run the risk of encountering such diseases:
- Late blight, which will help to get rid of special fungicidal preparations or a 10% solution of sodium chloride;
- Gray rot, which can be cured with fungicides and triazole preparations;
- Fusarium and Alternaria, from which treatment with fungicidal preparations will save;
- The main pests of tomatoes are bear, wireworm, whitefly, aphid and nematode. To combat them, there are many insecticidal preparations.
Despite certain shortcomings, Siberian early ripening tomato is still one of the most popular varieties.
|Early ripe||Mid late||Medium early|
|Garden Pearl||gold fish||Em Champion|
|Red Red||Market miracle||Lazy dream|
|Volgograd Pink||De Barao Black||New product of Transnistria|
|Helena||De Barao Orange||Giant Red|
|May rose||De Barao Red||Russian soul|
|Super prize||Honey fireworks||Pulka|