Home ant queen - what does it look like and where to look?

Home ant queen - what does it look like and where to look?

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The appearance of a house of red ants is a big problem for the hostess. At first, you can see 2-3 individuals dragging crumbs from the table, but over time, the number of insects increases several times.

Merely eliminating worker ants will not have much effect - they will quickly recover their numbers. The fight against them must begin with the destruction of the nest and the mother of ants.

Domestic ant queen

Ants have a clear hierarchy in their society, at the head of which is the uterus. It is she, first of all, who is responsible for the survival and expansion of her colony. The queen of ants does not build a dwelling, does not store food, does not protect the habitat from uninvited guests. However, all other ants mainly observe its interests, ensuring the prosperity of the anthill and its regular replenishment with new inhabitants.

REFERENCE! A similar relationship between the uterus and all other inhabitants is characteristic only of domestic red ants (or, as they are also called, pharaohs).

This is probably one of the reasons why these insects were able to spread so quickly and stronger than the rest of the planet.

How she looks like?

It is not difficult to distinguish the queen ant from all other insects. Usually, it is much larger than other individuals.

In addition, it has a rather large round belly of a darker color with thin light stripes. Its size is 3-4 mm, and it is meant for laying eggs.

The queen looks more massive and less mobile than worker ants. Another significant difference from other individuals is a wider and more developed thoracic region (in simple ants, the chest is not larger than the head in size).

This structure is a consequence of the original presence of wings.

Young females that have not yet gone through fertilization and do not own their own colony have wings. When founding an anthill, they are discarded, or the females gnaw them off on their own.


Once a year, ants develop a large number of females and males, which have the ability to reproduce. Mating occurs during the summer season. After fertilization, the female no longer returns to the home anthill, but tries to find a place to found her own colony. There she can lay her first eggs, from which to breed worker ants. Males in any anthill are always present in small numbers, but the attitude towards them from other insects is not too respectful.

At this moment, the future uterus loses its wings - it can simply shed them, or gnaw them off to get additional nutrients.

It is worth noting that females of red ants sometimes do not leave the anthill, but live with the rest of the queens, which is why their number can reach 200 within one colony. At the same time, infertile uterus can be destroyed - there are always those who want to take its place, but superfertile uterus can even be borrowed to neighboring colonies.

Over time, the anthill grows so much that small groups of insects will separate from it, forming a kind of "branches", but at the same time maintaining contact with the parent colony. It is very difficult to destroy such a settlement, since it is necessary to find all such formations, and kill the womb in each of them.

REFERENCE! The average life span of a red ant queen is 10-15 years old. She can lay eggs all her life, which in all years will amount to more than 500 thousand pieces.

Composition of individuals in the colony, the uterus itself regulates. To do this, she pollinates the laid eggs with special pheromones, as a result of which worker ants appear from them. It is they who are involved in the distribution of eggs, help young individuals to hatch, and are engaged in the extraction of food.

When the anthill grows seriously, the uterus ceases to have enough pheromones, as a result of which individuals capable of multiplying and establishing new colonies begin to appear from them again.

How to find a nest of ants in an apartment?

Ginger ants, which usually scurry around the apartment in search of food, are simple workers. They can be destroyed, but this will not give any significant effect - the queen will quickly replenish her family. Therefore, it is most important to find and destroy the nest itself, while killing the uterus.

However, in reality it is not so easy. Ants tend to organize it in a warm, humid place - in the bathroom or in the kitchen. In addition, it should be dark and difficult for others to access. These may well be cavities under the tiles, channels for electrical wiring, sockets for sockets.

It may also happen that the anthill will be located not in an apartment, but somewhere in the ceilings between floors. As a result, the nest will either be impossible to find at all, or you will have to acquire a full set of plumbing and assembly equipment.

Nevertheless, it is still worth spending energy on the search. It is necessary to carefully observe the movements of the ants around the apartment, notice the directions in which they leave with the prey. Holes in the walls can be treated with polyurethane foam or silicone sealant - this will cut off the ants from their usual feeding places.

IMPORTANT! If it was possible to find a nest of a red ant in an apartment and destroy all the queens in it, the colony is usually removed from its place and leaves its dwelling, which has become dangerous.

But in cases where this still cannot be done, you can take a defensive position, placing poisoned food and trying, thereby, to directly poison the queens.

Domestic red ants are a big disaster in the apartment. Thanks to the queens, they multiply very quickly, and when separated from the main nest, they can form "branches". In any case, each colony is headed by a queen ant. It differs from other individuals in its larger size, large dark abdomen, and developed thoracic region. Young unfertilized females have wings, which they shed or gnaw off after the foundation of their nest. Finding a nest at home is a big problem, because it can be located in any warm protected place - in ceilings, under tiles, cable ducts. However, its detection and destruction of all queens is guaranteed to force the ants to leave the dangerous place of residence.

A photo

Next, you will see a photo of what the queen of the uterus of red domestic ants looks like:

In this video, you will learn more about the insect's uterus:

Watch the video: Catch A Queen Ant in Your House (February 2023).