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Onions are extremely unpretentious and persistent... Growing it is not as difficult as keeping it for planting next year.
The process of storing onions raises a lot of questions for both beginners and experienced gardeners: how to store onion sets, where and in what, at what temperature and humidity.
Knowing the answers to these questions guarantees successful preservation harvest until next season.
In our articles, we have already talked about the time frame for harvesting onions and leeks and how they store them in cellars and basements. In particular, they talked about how to store leek and green onions. But not all of these methods are suitable for seed onions.
Storage preparation includes several stages. First, harvesting the onions before storing them for the winter. Harvest sevka in late August.
In order to be sure of it full readiness, pay attention to the tops, it should turn yellow. This is a sure sign that the onion is ripe and it's time to harvest it.
After harvesting his onions sort and sort... Whole, rot-free, healthy specimens are selected for storage for the winter. The slightest decay of one head will result in spoilage of the entire batch of onions.
Secondly, the set should be thoroughly dried... Drying the onions in the open sun gives the perfect result. In addition, the sevok is dried under a canopy and in a room with excellent ventilation. To dry the sevok, you need light and air, then its husk will rustle and dry.
An experienced gardener will share his tips for storing sevka with you in this video:
Ways and places
How to keep onion sets until spring? Onion sets are stored in boxes, nets, containers, bags, trays and in bulk.
Boxes, containers, bags and trays for storing sevka must have lattice structure, slots, holes.
The bags are stored only open. Onion nets are used for hanging storage.
Bulk storage assumes the location of the set layer 15-20 cm thick on shelves in a cellar or attic. The main condition for the successful storage of onions is a constant supply of air.
This method involves storing onions at home (apartment). He helps out those gardeners who do not have their own cellar.
According to the method, onions are stored in boxes (containers, bags) at home in a dark, cool place.
The air humidity should not be high, otherwise the onion will start to rot... It is not necessary to organize a storage place for sevka near a water source.
Onion storage in the cellar (basement) called the cold way. It significantly increases the chances of keeping onions throughout the winter. After preparation and drying, the onions are placed in a cellar in any convenient container and stored there until planting.
Sometimes onion sets planted right before winter... Its resistance to cold allows you to break through and ascend with the onset of the first spring heat. If the winter is snowy, the chances of success of this method of storing onion sets in the ground increase several times.
This option is good because the onion does not need to be kept all winter in any room. It lands in the ground and there going through the cold... This kind of freezing of onions is an effective storage method.
You will learn how to plant sevok before winter by watching the video:
Another option for the cold method is burying onions in the ground before the onset of winter... The technology is simple: the onion is placed in a bucket, the bottom of which is pre-covered with an abundant layer of sawdust.
The bucket must not be filled to the brim so that the onion did not "suffocate".
The crop is covered from above with the same layer of sawdust.
Then they put a lid on the bucket and bury it under the ground to such a depth that the earth covers the lid of the bucket for about 15-18 centimeters.
Before planting, the sets are taken out fresh and juicy.
At home, it is unlikely that it will be possible to preserve the sets in a cold way.
Regardless of the choice of storage method, the main thing is that in the space in which the bow is located, there was no stagnant air and high humidity... These two factors create the ideal conditions for decay to begin.
Temperature and time savings
When cold method, the optimum storage temperature is minus 3 ° C. When warm - from + 17 to + 24 ° С at a relative humidity of 65-72%.
If all the recommendations are followed correctly, the shelf life can be from the moment of collection to the moment of planting, with a cycle of one winter.
In order to prevent spoilage of the onion with a cold storage method, after removing it from a cool place, you need to have time to plant it no later than 10 days... Otherwise, the change in temperature will do the trick, and the onion will deteriorate.
How to keep a seedling onion until spring? You can learn how to calibrate and save a set from the video:
First aid for the initial stage of decay
To prevent disease and decay onions, it is enough to simply follow all the recommendations: correct preparation, temperature regime, humidity, fresh air circulation, suitable container and storage location.
What to do if the onion still began to rot? Has the harvest been lost and all efforts have gone to waste? Of course, there is a way out of this situation as well.
Partially rotted or diseased onions you can try to save... For this, a layer of husk is removed at the site of infection. The onion can be tasted "Undress" completely... In the process of laying, it will again be covered with healthy husks and will become suitable for further planting.
Thus, storage of sevka is a whole science. Only compliance with all terms and conditions guarantees successful preservation harvest and protect it from damage.
Onions are a unique plant, such unpretentious in growth and care, and so gentle on storage.
He, like all living things, needs protection and care. However, with proper handling, storage and planting, onions will give a new harvest, which will delight you with its abundance.