How to grow strawberries in a greenhouse

How to grow strawberries in a greenhouse

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Strawberries not only have excellent taste. The berry has many useful and medicinal properties.

Strawberries are able to resist the influenza virus, have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, copes well with insomnia and reliably strengthens the immune system.

But all these properties are very fragile, capable of perishing from exposure to chemical compounds and artificial lighting - that is why there are so many strawberries on sale, which are beautiful only at first sight.

For these reasons, strawberries should be grown on their own - for this you can use a greenhouse (how to build a greenhouse with your own hands, find out by clicking on the link), then all spring viruses will bypass your family.

Read on the site how to grow leeks.

Read here about the flowers of perennial mallow.

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Features of growing in a greenhouse

Yes, caring for berries in a greenhouse is not easy, so the question may arise: isn't it easier to buy it in the market or in a store?

Undoubtedly, some families can afford such a purchase, but the strawberries themselves have a number of advantages and features:

  • taste properties - berries for the store are removed by those who have not reached natural maturity, they do not have time to gain the desired degree of sweetness and aroma;
  • vitamins - during long-term storage, vitamins can be destroyed, therefore, the benefits of such fruits are significantly less than from those that grow under their care;
  • safety - berries that contain harmful substances can get on the shelves.

Choosing strawberry seedlings for planting in a greenhouse

In order for the yield of berries in your greenhouse or mini-greenhouse to be high enough, it is recommended to grow the following varieties, which are recognized as the most prolific in Europe. These varieties of strawberries include:

  • "Honia"
  • "Elsantu"
  • "Crown"
  • "Sonata"
  • Darselent.

It is better to grow berries indoors with ordinary seedlings rather than seeds.

You can go the other way - buy ready-made seedlings, but it will be safer to prepare all the planting material yourself, taking the shoots of berries of proven varieties from your own site.

Over the summer, seedlings should be rooted in open soil, and when they have a strong root system, transplant the plants into a box or other container with fertile soil, which is saturated with complex fertilizers in advance.

In dry weather, it is necessary to water the seedlings. Move the boxes of plants to the greenhouse before the first frost in the fall.

You can root young seedlings in small pots with a diameter of about 8-10 cm, which are filled with an organic substrate, or immediately in pots with a diameter of about 20 cm - it is not necessary to choose seedlings from such pots when growing berries in a greenhouse. This potted strawberry blooms well and bears fruit very abundantly.

Another option is to use frigo seedlings:

  • dig up seedlings from the garden;
  • cut off all the leaves;
  • place the seedlings in the refrigerator for storage throughout the winter.

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When to plant seedlings?

In the last days of March, when the daytime temperature in the greenhouse rises to 15 degrees, strawberries can already be planted in the soil. Please note that flowering plants react very painfully to any transplant, so you should strive to transfer them to the hole, usually along with the ground.

In order to save the area for planting, precious for the gardener, the bushes should be arranged so that in the future, tomatoes or peppers can be planted between them. The soil around the plants is mulched with sawdust or covered with a black film, which retains moisture and protects the fruits from pollution.

Spring in most of Russia is dangerous with cold weather, so you need to stock up on the required amount of covering material in advance in order to protect your pets.

If possible, it is even desirable to acquire a special heater in order to in no case allow the air temperature in the greenhouse itself to drop to negative values.

Appropriate temperature and humidity in the greenhouse

Strawberries are picky enough in terms of temperature and humidity - all the requirements of this plant must be met. Strawberry's own temperature regime can be maintained only with the use of specialized equipment.

If you are still confident in your abilities and aim at getting a bountiful harvest - purchase an irrigation and automatic heating system.

The trick of strawberry care technology is to achieve a slow and regular increase in the degree.

With such an increase in temperature, the formation of fruit buds is significantly increased - and, as a result, strawberries.

The humidity in the greenhouse must also meet certain requirements. At the time when planting is carried out, as well as for a month after - the humidity must be kept at a level of 80 to 85%.

After this period - the humidity drops to 75%, when the strawberries bloom - the humidity should remain at 70%.

The increased humidity of the atmosphere contributes to plant diseases, therefore the greenhouse must be ventilated.

Watering and feeding strawberries in greenhouse conditions

Any plant requires watering, and strawberries, of course, are no exception. The soil should not be dry, however, with excess moisture, the bushes can get sick, and the fruits will become watery and tasteless. It should be watered at the root so that the liquid does not get on the leaves and flowers. Strawberries definitely love water, you need to water the plants regularly.

After planting, strawberries need fertilizing with nitrogen and potash fertilizers, in addition, they need microelements. Excellent results are obtained by feeding plants with carbon dioxide.

Due to the fact that it is very difficult to use equipment that is used in industrial greenhouses in a personal or summer cottage, the simplest and easiest option is to water the berries with water, having previously saturated it with carbon dioxide.

Light mode in winter

The experience of gardeners shows that it is best to build a winter-type single-slope wall greenhouse with an automatic lighting, irrigation, and ventilation system. It is better to entrust the construction of a greenhouse to experts.

It will be advantageous to combine the heating system with the boiler room of the house. Then both the house and the greenhouse will be heated simultaneously.

Daffodils are not a perennial plant, therefore, it requires a transplant. Read about daffodil transplants.

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Growing strawberries in a greenhouse in winter

Growing strawberries in winter is not an easy process. For cultivation, varieties such as Elsanta and Volya, Pineapple and Kama may be suitable.

We prepare the seedlings in the summer and transplant them into the greenhouse. When frost approaches, we begin to warm up the air and keep the temperature at about 20 - 25 degrees Celsius. We turn on daylighting.

In winter, strawberries in the greenhouse will grow normally and give a good harvest only if a special light regime is observed. For proper berry cultivation, at least 8 hours of daylight hours are required.

Growing strawberry berries in a greenhouse in winter, and in other non-seasonal periods, always require adherence to the rules of special care:

  • regular feeding of seedlings with a solution of potassium salt, as well as superphosphate, the frequency of feeding is once every two weeks;
  • feeding with carbon dioxide, which is needed for the proper cultivation of berries;
  • uniform and regular watering, preferably using drip irrigation systems;
  • constant maintenance of the required humidity and temperature, the duration of daylight hours;
  • timely ventilation of the greenhouse in order to reduce humidity, and therefore, to prevent the appearance of many diseases of berries;
  • the use of mulch or film mulch in order to preserve moisture in the soil and prevent it from escaping;
  • timely pollination of an artificial type or pollination by installing hives in a greenhouse.

Here are the basic rules for growing strawberries in a greenhouse, to which there are a lot of additions.

It all depends on the greenhouse in which you are growing your strawberries, the season of growing and the varieties of strawberries.

It is important to be patient and carefully look after the plantings, while observing all the required technological modes. Then at any time you will have a fresh fragrant berry on your table - the dream of every gardener. And strawberries all year round will not be a myth, but will become a reality.

Watch the video: How to grow strawberries in Ireland. Wexford Greens Berry Farm (October 2022).