Geraniums flowers

Geraniums flowers

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Geraniums flowers

Geraniums can be classified into three hundred species, all belonging to the Geraniaceae family. They are perennial type plants and grow well in any soil that is not excessively wet. These plants look good in the sun even if the partial shade areas are preferable. The leaves of the geraniums are predominantly rounded and lobed, often with 5 points and very fragrant. Most of the three hundred species have unique structures, the same colors and shades. At the beginning of summer the plant grows in its maximum splendor giving life to flowers ranging from white to purple and even to blue and, they are often in the shape of a cup or disk. Another detail not to be overlooked is that geranium is a long-lasting plant and does not require much care. The growth of geraniums develops in flower beds often reaching a height of one meter and a half so that, once implanted, they form an excellent multi-colored handkerchief. The placement of the geranium does not require particular areas to be cultivated; in fact it tolerates drought, excessive heat and humidity well and is very robust from a structural point of view. In its most common species the geranium that we can often identify on balconies and terraces, is the type called "Pelargonium" with ruby ​​evergreen leaves and deep red flowers. The species in its evolutionary phase has given rise to other types of very particular geraniums. An example is represented by the Pelargonium Macranthum constituted by a flower which due to its shape is very reminiscent of the azalea while the variegation in the center is of a predominantly blackish color which enhances the species. In Italy the most widespread species are those that grow spontaneously and that is: the silvered and pratense geranium. Their cultivation requires very little maintenance and "autonomous" plants can be defined. The experience and the ability to genetically modify the plants, have recently given birth to a type of geranium called "black" as modified with respect to the Macranthum with the part black that from the center extends over almost the entire surface of the flower.

Geranium cultivation

The geraniums are bought very small at the gardening centers in peat jars and can be planted immediately in the ground. To sow them you need to prepare a hole with adequate depth and the space between each individual seedling must be at least 20 centimeters. At this point, the plant must be watered thoroughly and the excess water drained before carefully removing it from the peat container, working the soil around the roots with your fingers. If these appear to be rather tied together, they must be carefully separated before covering them completely. Abundant water immediately after implantation and shelter from direct sunlight allows it to stabilize. For the occasion it is advisable to cover with plastic tarpaulins, without suffocating them too much. The geraniums as already mentioned are part of perennial plants and therefore, they can be transplanted without problems. The operation is practically similar to that of the initial phase of implantation of small seedlings.

Geranium maintenance

When we speak of a perennial plant, it does not mean that we can cultivate it without maintenance interventions; in fact these plants must be treated like any other belonging to this category.
Like all perennials, geraniums also mature, forming a compact root system that can eventually lead to a less vigorous plant, affecting flowering. It is therefore advisable to thin them periodically to slow them down. This can be done by making side cuts so that you can easily access them with your fingers. By dividing the root system, it is possible to make new plants in another area of ​​the garden or to give the seedlings already adult and ready, therefore, to be grafted into pots for growing on balconies or terraces. Transplanting and pruning operations must however be carried out in the spring period. The type of soil must be grainy, well drained and with a good amount of organic matter as a stimulating fertilizer. The optimal one is the soil that is the middle ground between the sand and the clay, because it has a high content of organic substances, is rich in nutritive elements and has a perfect water retention capacity.

Geraniums flowers: Prevention and care

For the cultivation of geranium plants it is important to keep the garden as clean as possible, eliminating leaf debris and above all using protective tarpaulins in the most rigid months to prevent night frosts from burning them. On the other hand, the abundant waterings of young plants must be regular when they become adult. In this case the frequency is every other day in the rainy months and every day in the hottest months at sunset, taking care during irrigation not to wet the flowers that could rot. The ideal fertilizer is as already mentioned based on organic products but, from time to time the addition of well decomposed manure and liquid fertilizers for green leaves, are of fundamental importance for this plant that manages to perfectly combine its two fundamental characteristics that is: evergreen leaves and constant flowering and rich in generally reddish, rosy and sometimes multicolored colors with shades of yellow and white that make the geranium the plant par excellence of allotments, balconies and terraces.