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To design a small and simple or extensive and complex garden there is no need for great knowledge and great botanical skills but only for reason, a feeling for nature and a basic knowledge of botany.
To design our garden, making it cozy and at the same time beautiful and functional, it is necessary to evaluate various factors so that all the elements, put together, form a single harmonious whole, pleasing to the eye and easy to maintain. Many are the characteristics that affect the final result regardless of whether it is a small city garden or a large garden in the countryside. The essential elements to consider are varied and condition the character of our garden.
Another fundamental operation is to divide the spaces according to your own ideas and needs, as well as allowing you to make the most of the entire surface available. If the garden has a regular shape you can create a central element, such as a fountain or a statue around which to make the flower beds and hedges. If the shape is irregular, try to optimize the space by taking advantage of those that are not very suitable places. A corner that is too narrow near the wall will surely not be suitable for tall trees that need direct exposure to the sun but may be perfect to create a small rose garden or rock garden. When designing a garden you should already have in mind a sketch of what will be done, because only in this way will it be possible to optimize the spaces making them uniform. You can also take inspiration from newspapers, in fact, there are various types of newspapers dedicated to gardening.
The choice of plants certainly plays an important role, the planting must be carried out correctly so that the plant can adapt immediately to the type of soil and avoid drying; this operation can be carried out personally or you can contact a specialized company that will also be able to identify the most suitable sun exposure area for the type of plant and vegetation.
Climate and exposure: the climate is essential since it determines the species of plants that can grow inside the garden, it is advisable to avoid inserting unsuitable plants, observe the neighboring gardens to understand what is more appropriate to cultivate, bearing in mind the rigor of cold in winter and the intensity of the sun in summer, humidity, strength and direction of the winds.
Soil quality: the soil is essential but may not be uniform, which is why before planting anything you need to clean it, and then, move the underlying clods and remove any stones. In some types of soil it is advisable to also use a fertilizer. There are different fertilizers on the market but if you want to do something natural you could use animal manure. On many farms they offer small quantities of manure free of charge that can be used to fertilize the land.
Irrigation: based on the size of the garden, a suitable irrigation system should also be built. Rock gardens with succulent plants are exceptional, in this case it is superfluous to create a water source, because the plants must be irrigated very rarely. In other cases it is possible to create structures under the ground, or external sleeves that simulate the rain effect.
Budget: the budget is very variable, because we must always take into consideration what is already available. If you need to create an English lawn anew and build an irrigation system, the costs increase considerably, especially if you rely on specialized companies and vice versa, you can optimize costs with DIY, but extending the time required for realization. On average, however, at least four hundred euros must be available to estimate the purchase of small and medium-sized shrubs, flowering plants and some indispensable tools for cultivation.
Designing a garden on your own is not a difficult task, it is important first of all to have a passion for plants and nature, knowing their needs, having a smattering of the works that will have to be performed, such as planting, digging for planting of plants, irrigation methods, etc.
Designing a garden is still a very ambitious choice, and we must take into account the time we have to spend, which is why many people today decide to turn to companies specialized in the sector.
Having clear ideas in the design of a garden helps, it is preferable before starting to create a list with all the elements that you want to insert in your garden taking into consideration the available space, in fact the size of the decorative elements is subordinated to the size of the garden same.
It must be borne in mind that green space must always predominate because it is a garden and all the elements must not overpower each other. Once the basic structure has been created, namely the turf, the paving, the hedges, the planting of flowering plants and shrubs, you can then proceed to the purchase or creation of furnishing accessories such as outdoor tables and chairs. gazebo etc.