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The Japanese garden is a garden of ancient traditions that forms small landscapes, very often in a highly ideal way. The Japanese one is a garden that has a history of over a thousand years. Before learning their techniques and specializing in their creations and their garden types, around the tenth century, the Japanese were inspired by Korean and Chinese manufacturing techniques. The Japanese garden has traditionally had different kinds of meanings over the centuries. The gardens of wealthy and noble people have been created over the centuries for exclusively aesthetic pleasure, while religious gardens, especially Buddhist temples, especially for their spirit linked to philosophy and meditation.
Japanese gardens can be divided into four styles and types that can be considered among the most important.
The "karesansui" garden, which is the privileged garden of Buddhist monasteries because it is suitable for contemplation. It is characterized by the presence of inert materials such as rocks and sand to recreate the landscape linked to marine and mountain environments.
Another type of Japanese garden is that of Jodo. This type of garden has developed with a religious function to recreate what is called the Buddhist paradise that is thought to exist after death.
Among the most important we can also remember the garden of Shinden-zukuri which developed during the tenth century in the homes of the noble Japanese. It differs from the others by its nature linked to the pleasure of the eyes and the spirit, in fact it takes the form of a lake usually positioned south of the garden and small islands and bridges.
Finally we mention the so-called garden of the Tи. This type of garden was born in the fifteenth century and was created by those who are called the masters of TI. The garden takes its inspiration from mountain landscapes. As its name suggests, the garden is usually positioned at the entrance to the tea room and is then walked before entering the room where the ceremonies are held.
Essential elements to create a true Japanese garden
The indispensable elements for a true Japanese garden are three: green, water and rock. All three of these elements are characterized by having a particular and symbolic intrinsic meaning.
Water is the symbol of life, in fact without water, before without everything else, human beings die. Tradition has it that the water inside a Japanese garden must flow from east to west, just like the sun that rises and sets right from east to west.
Rocks, on the other hand, are important because they create an oasis of serenity within the garden. The rocks must have a round shape so that they transmit tranquility and serenity. The Japanese garden kept green all year round, few are the colors that characterize it only in the spring season we will be able to see some plants with flowers such as camellias, azaleas and rhododendron. What must prevail, however, in the creation of a Japanese garden is balance, in fact, we must not fill the spaces with too many plants and objects or leave them too empty. A happy medium will make your Japanese environment sober and pleasant.
What can not miss in a Japanese garden
Some very large rocks cannot be missing. Water is also needed both in motion and at rest. The inclusion of some small water bridges is very characteristic. Bamboo and azalea and rhododendron plants cannot be missing. Precisely because for most of the space the Japanese garden is characterized by the fact that it is green, it is necessary to insert moss, ferns and more generally, evergreen plants. However, green must always prevail over colors and plants that make flowers. A bridge.
To recreate the true atmosphere of a Japanese garden, traditional decorations cannot be missed and for this reason we advise you to insert Japanese lanterns and if you want a statue of Buddha.
As we have said, the Japanese garden is predominantly all year round, and only in spring can we witness some flowers. We recommend putting camellia, cornus kausa, azaleas and rhododendrons in your Japanese garden. Since many of these plants have roots that could damage your garden the ideal would be to plant them directly in the ground without a pot. To give vitality and movement to your garden, you cannot miss the Japanese maple with its dark red leaves.Instead of the classic lawn, moss is usually used, which must be watered constantly and daily.What not to do in your own Japanese garden
It is absolutely essential not to leave the ground smooth and without reliefs. Take care to create small hills that make the garden undulating and moved both to the touch and to the view.
Another thing not to do is to plant bulbs or other types of small seasonal plants commonly found in other gardens.