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Moss in the meadow
It often happens that our turf appears ruined by patches, more or less large, of moss, low and compact. This phenomenon occurs in particular in the areas of the garden where there is not a good circulation of oxygen inside the soil, due to an excess of stagnant humidity; there is moss development even in those areas, particularly in the shade, where turf plants cannot develop at their best, due to a low quantity of minerals in the soil, or due to excessively compact soil.
Special anti-moss fertilizers are readily available on the market, which, in less severe cases, may be sufficient to eradicate the presence of moss in our turf; but moss is often just a symptom of more serious problems in our turf or in our soil. Remember that to get a good, well-developed and luxuriant turf, it is good to choose the right seeds, suitable for the exposure of our land: we trivially avoid choosing a seed mixture for sunny grass when our soil is mainly in the shade.
Also the practice of aerating the lawn in general cautions us from the development of moss, since it favors the circulation of oxygen in the soil and the consequent circulation of water and nutrients; a better development of the small ground cover plants that make up the turf also hinders the settlement of the moss "colonies".
Fertilization and re-seeding
We remind that it is a good idea to practice every year, in coincidence with the mild seasons, such as autumn and spring, to practice a re-seeding of the lawn, so as to fill the spaces that are created between the seedlings following the rigors of winter and the summer drought; in addition to this a good fertilizer favors the development of a more vigorous and strong lawn, which is hardly attacked by pests or diseases. Also the application between the seedlings of a special soil for lawns can help against moss: the new rich and soft soil, generally added with sand, favors the presence of a less compact and more permeable soil.
If the problem persists
Moss often develops in the shaded areas of the garden, where the water tends to persist in the ground for days, especially during the cooler periods of the year; furthermore we note its presence in the case of shallow soils, very acidic or poor in nutrients. If the care we have taken to our lawn proves to be in vain, it may be the case to place small perennials covered with shade, whose development will counteract the growth of moss. If the problem is very extensive and our soil remains constantly wet or wet, it is instead the case to carry out wider works to improve drainage: we can mix a good quantity of sand to the ground; if instead the soil is very wet due to the presence of constant water, due for example to the drainage of the gutters, or to the presence of retaining walls upstream of the ground, we can evaluate the possibility of practicing drains that help us to bring via the water that comes to submerge the soil of our garden.